Curriculum Vitae

William D. Nordhaus

March 2012

     BIOGRAPHICAL DATA

Date of Birth: May 31, 1941

Place of Birth: Albuquerque, New Mexico

Business Address and information:

              Department of Economics, Yale University

              28 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, Connecticut 06511

Telephone: office: (203) 432-3598

Fax: office: (203) 436-2626

E-Mail: william.nordhaus@yale.edu

Homepage: http://www.econ.yale.edu/~nordhaus/homepage/homepage.htm

Home Address and information:

              445 Humphrey Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511

              Telephone: (203) 562-6804

              Fax: (203) 865-4819

 

   Office Contact information:

Office assistant: Adeline Bass, 28 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven CT USA 06520

              Email: adeline.bass@yale.edu; Telephone: (203) 432 3576

 

   Education:

Yale University, B.A., 1963; M.A. (Priv.), 1973

Institut d'Etudes Politiques (Paris), Certificat, 1962

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ph.D. (Economics), 1967

     Academic and Professional Positions:

Sterling Professor of Economics, Yale University, 2001 to present, Department of Economics and School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.

Adjunct Professor, University of Copenhagen, 2008 - .

Honorary Professor, Xian University, Xian, China, 2006.

Honorary Professor, Tianjian University, Tianjian, China, 2006.

A. Whitney Griswold Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1991-2001.

Vice President for Finance and Administration, Yale University, 1992-93.

Provost, Yale University, 1986-88.

John Musser Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1979 to 1991.

Member of staff, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, 1967 to present.

Member, President's Council of Economic Advisers, United States Government, January 1977 to February 1979.

Visiting Professor, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi, India, January-February 1986.

Research Scholar, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria, 1974-75.

Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1973 to present.

Associate Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1970-73.

Assistant Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1967-70.

Senior Visitor, University of Cambridge (England), 1970-71.
 

     Professional Honors and Affiliations:

 

Elected to U. S. National Academy of Sciences

Elected to Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences

Elected Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences

International Association for Energy Economics, Outstanding Contributions to The Profession Award

2006 Award for “Publication of Enduring Quality,” Association of Environmental and Resource Economics for Managing the Global Commons (MIT Press, 1994).

Awarded the Distinguished Fellow Award by the American Economic Association, 2005.

1999 United States Association of Energy Economics Adelman-Frankel Award, 2010.

Elected Fellow, Econometric Society, 1972.

Elected Director, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2010 - . Elected Deputy Chair, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2012 - .

Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research, 1967-68; 1980 to present. Research Associate in Economic Fluctuations, Public Economics, Productivity, Energy and Environmental Economics.

Member or Senior Adviser, Brookings Panel on Economic Activity, 1972 to present.

Representative of American Economic Association to American Academy for the Advancement of Science, 1976-79.

Member, National Academy of Science, Carbon Dioxide Assessment Committee, 1980-1984.

Member, Advisory Committee, NASA, 1982-1983.

Member, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Panel on Arms Control, 1979-80.

Executive Committee: American Economic Association, 1983-1986; Eastern Economic Association, 1983-1987. Visiting Committee, MIT, 1993-1998.

Editorial Board for different periods: American Economic Review; The Energy Journal; Journal of Policy Modeling; Journal of Conflict Resolution; Eastern Economic Review; Resources and Energy; Environmental Modeling and Assessment

Co-Chairman, Economic Policy Study Group, Center for National Policy, 1982 - 1986

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on the Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming, Synthesis Committee and Panel on Adaptation

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Panel on R&D on Energy, Member of Synthesis Panel and Vice-Chairman of Panel on Strategies

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Human Dimensions of Global Change

Member, Social Science Research Council, Committee on Growth and Stability

Member, Social Science Research Council, Committee on Human Dimensions of Global Change

Member, U. S. Committee on IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis), various years.

Member, National Science Foundation Review Committee, Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change.

Member, National Science Foundation, Review Committee on IIASA (International Institute on Applied Systems Analysis)

Member of Group on Economies in Transition, sponsored by IIASA; chairman of Working Group on Stabilization; member of Steering Committee.

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on National Statistics, 1992 – 2000.

Chairman, National Academy of Sciences, Panel on Integrated Environmental Accounting, 1996 -1999.

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Data and Research on Illegal Drugs, 1998 – 2001 . Chair, Subcommittee on the Organization of Data Collection.

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on the the Societal Impacts of Abrupt Climate Change, 2000 – 2002.

Member, Social Science Research Council, Panel on Graduate Education, 1997 - 1999.

Member, Expert Panel, Congressional Budget Office, 1998 – 2009 .

Chair, Advisory Panel, Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2000-2004; Member , Advisory Panel, Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2000– .

Member, National Academies, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, 2005 – .

Program Director, Yale/NBER/IIASA Program on International Environmental Economics, funded as a Consortium Grant from the National Science Foundation, 1996 – 2006 .

Chair, American Economic Association, Exploratory Committee on Economic Statistics, 2001 - 2002.

Chair, American Economic Association, Committee on Economic Statistics, 2002 – 2006.

Chair, National Academy of Sciences, Panel on Effects of Provisions in the Internal Revenue Code on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2010 - .

Member, National Academy of Sciences, Panel on the Macroeconomic Effects of Aging, 2010 - .

Program Director, Yale Program on Non-market Accounting, Sponsored by the Glaser Foundation, 2001 - 2006.

Research grants for different periods from the U.S. National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Sloan Foundation, and Ford Foundation, Electric Power Research Institute, Glaser Progress Foundation, Kauffman Foundation.
 

     PUBLICATIONS

     Books:

1. Invention, Growth and Welfare: A Theoretical Treatment of Technological Change. M.I.T. Press, 1969.

2. Is Growth Obsolete? with James Tobin in Economic Growth, N.B.E.R. 1972; also published in Income and Wealth, Volume 38, Publisher N.B.E.R., New York, 1973, click here for first part and click here for details.

3. International Studies in the Demand for Energy, editor, with contributions, North-Holland Publishing Company, 1977. Also published as William D. Nordhaus, ed., Proceedings of the Workshop on Energy Demand, IIASA Collaborative Paper CP-76-001, January 1976.

4. Industrial Pricing in the United Kingdom , with Wynne Godley and Kenneth Coutts, Cambridge University Press,1978.

5. The Efficient Use of Energy Resources , Yale University Press, 1979.

6. Reforming Federal Regulation, with Robert E. Litan, Yale University Press, 1983.

7. ECONOMICS, with Paul A. Samuelson, Twelfth Edition, McGraw-Hill, 1985; Thirteenth Edition, 1989; Fourteenth Edition, 1992; Fifteenth Edition, 1995; Sixteenth Edition, 1998; Seventeenth Edition, 2001; Eighteenth Edition, 2005; Nineteenth Edition, 2009. Foreign English-language editions in Canada, Australian, and Britain. Foreign translations in Armenian, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, German, Greek, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Kazak, Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, and Vietnamese.

8. The Share Economy: A Symposium , editor, with Andrew John, published by The Journal of Comparative Economics , vol. 10, 1986.

9. Toward a New Iron Age? A Study of Patterns of Resource Exhaustion, with Robert B. Gordon, Tjalling C. Koopmans, and Brian J. Skinner, Harvard University Press, 1988.

10. Money, Macroeconomics, and Economic Policy: Essays in Honor of James Tobin, editor with William C. Brainard and Harold W. Watts, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1991.

11. Costs, Impacts, and Benefits of CO2 Mitigation , Y. Kaya, N. Nakicenovic, W. Nordhaus, and F. Toth, eds., IIASA, CP-93-002, 1993.

12. Managing the Global Commons: The Economics of Climate Change, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA., 1994.

13. Integrative Assessment of Mitigation, Impacts, and Adaptation to Climate Change, N. Nakicenovic, W. Nordhaus, R. Richels, and F. Toth, eds., IIASA, CP-94-009, 1994 also published as a special issue of Energy Policy, vol. 23, No. 4/5, April 1995.

14. Climate Change: Integrating Science, Economics, and Policy, N. Nakicenovic, W. Nordhaus, R. Richels, and F. Toth, eds., IIASA, CP-96-1, 1996.

15. The Swedish Nuclear Dilemma: Energy and the Environment, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C., 1997. (Also published in Swedish as Körnkraft och Miljö - ett Svenskt Dilemma, SNS Förlag, Stockholm, 1996.)

16. Economic and Policy Issues in Climate Change, editor, with contribution, Resources for the Future Press, Washington, 1998.

17. Nature's Numbers: Expanding the National Economic Accounts to Include the Environment, Report of the Panel on Integrated Environmental and Economic Accounting, edited, with Edward Kokkelenberg, National Academy Press, 1999.

18. Warming the World: Economic Modeling of Global Warming, with Joseph Boyer, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., Summer 2000.

19. Induced Innovation and Climate Change: Collected Essays, ed. with Nebojsa Nakicenovic and Arnulf Gruebler, Resources for the Future Press, 2002.

20. Architecture for the National Accounts, eds., Dale Jorgenson, J. Steven Landefeld, and William Nordhaus, Chicago University Press, 2006.

21. A Question of Balance: Weighing the Options on Global Warming Policies, Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 2008. A copy of the prepublication version is available, click here.

22. Technological Change to Promote a Low Carbon Economy, Ed. with Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Energy Economics, Special Issue, forthcoming, 2011.


 

     Journal Publications:

1. “The Optimal Rate and Direction of Technological Change”, Karl Shell, ed., Essays on the Theory of Optimal Economic Growth, M.I.T. Press, 1967.

2. “Balanced Growth –A Razor's Edge?,” International Economic Review, Volume 8, No. 3, October 1967, (with George Akerlof).

3. “Tax Incentives for Low Income Housing,” Proceedings of the 61st Annual Conference on Taxation, National Tax Association, September 1968.

4. “An Economic Theory of Technological Change,” American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, Volume 59, May 1969, click here.

5. “Recent Developments in Price Dynamics,” O. Eckstein, ed., The Econometrics of Price Determination, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

6. “The Optimal Life of a Patent: Reply, “American Economic Review, Volume 62, June 1972, click here.

7. “Pricing in the Trade Cycle,” The Economic Journal, Volume 82, 1972, (with Wynne Godley).

8. “The Worldwide Wage Explosion,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2:1972.

9. “The Recent Productivity Slowdown,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 3:1972.

10. “A Skeptical Note on the Theory of Induced Innovation,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, February 1973, click here.

11. “World Dynamics: Measurement Without Data,” The Economic Journal, Volume 83, No. 332, December 1973, click here.

12. “The Allocation of Energy Resources,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 3:1973, click here.

13. “The Effects of Inflation on the Distribution of Economic Welfare,” Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Volume 5, No. 1, Part II, 1973.

14. “Alternatives for Debt Management,” Issues in Federal Debt Management, Proceedings of a conference held in New Hampshire, June 1973. Sponsored by Federal Reserve Bank in Boston, Series No. 10 (with Henry C. Wallich).

15. “Resources as a Constraint on Growth,” American Economic Review, Volume 64, No. 2, 1974.

16. “The Falling Share of Profits,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1:1974.

17. “A Technique for Decomposing Inflation,” Volume on Income and Wealth, 1974, (with John Shoven).

18. “Energy in the Economic Report,” The American Economic Review, Volume 64, No. 4, September 1974.

19. “Markets and Appropriable Resources,” Energy, Demand, Conservation, and Institutional Problems, edited by Michael S. Macrakis, M.I.T. Press, Spring 1974.

20. “The Political Business Cycle,” Review of Economic Studies, April 1975.

21. “Decisionmaking and Decisionmakers,” in The Robert H. Roy Symposium on Decisionmaking on the Occasion of the Johns Hopkins University Centennial, Johns Hopkins University, Homewood, processed, February 1976.

22. “Inflation Theory and Policy,” American Economic Review, May 1976.

23. “Energy and Economic Growth,” in J.C. Hurewitz, ed., Oil, the Arab-Israeli Dispute, and the Industrial World, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1976.

24. “Economic Growth and Climate: The Case of Carbon Dioxide,” The American Economic Review, May 1977, click here.

25. “The Role of Research in Economic Growth,” in American Association for the Advancement of Science, D. I. Phillips, C. C. Cleare, and M. Patterson, Eds., Research and Development in the Federal Budget, American Association for the Advancement of Science, November 1977, pp. 19-32.

26. “Welfare Measures for Regional Policies,” Explorations in Economic Research, Volume 4, Number 3, Summer 1977.

27. “The Demand for Energy: An International Perspective,” in William Nordhaus, ed., Chapter 13, International Studies of the Demand for Energy, North-Holland Publishing Company, 1977.

28. “Will Bottlenecks Slow the Expansion?,” Productive Potential, St. Louis Federal Reserve Board, 1977.

29. “Metering Economic Growth,” in Kenneth Wilson, ed., Prospects for Growth: Changing Expectations for the Future, Praeger Publishers, New York, 1978.

30.Energy Modeling for an Uncertain Future: Report of the Modeling Resource Group of the Committee on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems, National Academy of Sciences Press, 1978, contribution to Chapter IV and Appendix F, with co-authors.

31. “Energy Policy: Alternative Strategies for Consumer Countries,” in Ragaei El Mallakh and Dorothea H. El Mallakh, New Policy Imperatives for Energy Producers, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference, Boulder, Colorado, 1980.

32. “Policy Responses to the Productivity Slowdown,” in Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, Conference on Productivity, June 1980.

33. “The Energy Crisis and Macroeconomic Policy,” The Energy Journal, vol. I, No. 1, 1980.

34. “The Interaction Between Oil and the Economy in Industrial Countries,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2:1980.

35.Tax-Based Incomes Policies: A Better Mousetrap?” in M.P. Clandon and R.R. Cornwall, An Incomes Policy for the United States: New Approaches, Martinus Mijhoff, Boston, 1981.

36. “Economic Policy in the Face of Declining Productivity Growth,” European Economic Review, 1982.

37. “Macroconfusion: The Dilemmas of Economic Policy,” in J. Tobin, ed., Essays in Honor of Arthur Okun, Brookings, 1983.

38. “How Fast Should We Graze the Global Commons?,” American Economic Review, Volume 72, 2, May 1982, click here.

39. “A Review of Estimates of Future Carbon Dioxide Emissions,” with Jesse Ausubel, in National Research Council-National Academy of Sciences, Changing Climate, National Academy Press, 1983.

40. “Future Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuels,” with Gary Yohe, in National Research Council-National Academy of Sciences, Changing Climate, National Academy Press, 1983.

41. “Reflections on Monetarism, Stagnation and Other North American Exports”, International Social Science Journal, Vol. XXXV, No. 3, The World Economy: Theory and Reality, 1983.

42. “Induced Technical Change: A Programming Approach”, with Ludo Van der Heyden, in Sam H. Schurr, Sidney Sonenblum and David O. Wood, eds., Energy, Productivity and Economic Growth, Oelgeschlager, Gunn & Hain, 1983.

43. “Reaganomics and Economic Growth: A Summing Up,” in Charles R. Hulten and Isabel V. Sawhill, The Legacy of Reaganomics: Prospects for Long-Term Growth, Urban Institute Press, Washington, 1984.

44. “Identifying Winners and Losers,” in National Research Council, The Race for the New Frontier: International Competition in Advanced Technology– Decisions for America, National Academy Press/Simon & Schuster, 1984.

45. “Comments on `The Causes of Inflation,'“ in Price Stability and Public Policy, A Symposium Sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, August 1984.

46. “Discussion of the Current State of Macroeconomic Theory,” American Economic Review, May 1984.

47. “The Value of Information,” in Richard Krasnow, ed., Policy Aspects of Climate Forecasting, Resources for the Future, Washington, 1986, pp. 129-133.

48. “CO2 Forecasting and Control: A Mathematical Programming Approach,” with T. A. Daly, N. Goto, and R. F. Kosobud, in John Weyant, ed., The Energy Industries in Transition, Part I, International Association of Energy Economists, Washington, D.C., 1984, pp. 547-561.

49. “Resources, Technology, and Development: Will the Table Be Bare When Poor Countries Get There?” The Indian Economic Review, July-December 1986, pp. 81-94.

50. “Comment: `A Geometrical Analysis of the Incentives for Growth and Credit Rationing,'“ European Economic Review, vol. 30, 1986.

51. “Introduction,” in William D. Nordhaus and Andrew John, eds., The Share Economy: A Symposium, editor, with Andrew John, published by The Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 10, 1986.

52. “Can the Share Economy Cure Our Macroeconomic Woes? Probably Not,” in William D. Nordhaus and Andrew John, eds., The Share Economy: A Symposium, editor, with Andrew John, published by The Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 10, 1986.

53. “The Council of Economic Advisers: Conscience or Advocate?” Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, vol. 25, North Holland, 1986, pp. 265-277.

54. “Forecasting Efficiency: Concepts and Applications,” Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 69, No. 4, 1987, pp. 667-674.

55. “Comment on `Regulatory Reform and OSHA Policy,'“ with Robert Litan, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1986.

56. “Can the Share Economy Conquer Stagflation?” Quarterly Journal of Economics, February 1988, pp. 201-217, click here.

57. “Alternative Approaches to Political Business Cycle,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1989:2.

58. “Patents: Recent Trends and Puzzles: Comment,” in Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Microeconomics, 1989.

59. “Ten Years of Mrs. T.: Comment,” NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1989, MIT Press.

60. “Soviet Economic Reform: The Longest Road,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1990:1.

61. “Economic Growth, Investment, and Technological Change,” in Peter Diamond, Essays in Honor of Robert Solow, MIT Press, 1990.

62. “Risk Analysis: Applications to University Finances,” in Richard Anderson, ed, The Financing of Higher Education, Joffrey, 1990.

63. “Slowing the Greenhouse Express: The Economics of Greenhouse Warming,” in Henry Aaron, ed, Setting National Priorities, Brookings, Washington, D. C., 1990.

64. “Comments on the Coming Surplus in the Social Security Trust Fund,” in Carolyn Weaver, ed., Social Security, American Enterprise Institute, 1990.

65. “Count Before You Leap: Economics of Climate Change,” The Economist, July 1990.

66. “A General Equilibrium Model of Policies to Slow Global Warming,” in David Wood, ed., Economic Models of Energy and Environment, Proceedings of a Workshop, Washington, D. C., October 1990.

67. “A Sketch of the Economics of the Greenhouse Effect,” American Economic Review, May 1991.

68. “To Slow or Not to Slow: The Economics of the Greenhouse Effect,” The Economic Journal, July 1991, vol. 101, pp. 920-937.

69. “The Cost of Slowing Climate Change: A Survey,” The Energy Journal, vol. 12, No. 1, Spring 1991 pp. 37-6

70. “Economic Approaches to Greenhouse Warming,” in Rudiger Dornbusch and James M. Poterba, Global Warming: Economic Policy Response, MIT Press, 1991, pp. 33-66.

71. “Economic Policy in the Face of Global Warming,” in J. W. Tester, D. O. Wood, and N. A. Ferrari, Energy and the Environment in the 21st Century, MIT Press, 1991.

72. “The Soviet Economic Crisis: Steps to Avert Collapse,” (joint with the Chairmen of the Study Groups), IIASA, Executive Report number 19, February, 1991 and in Merton J. Peck and Thomas J. Richardson, What Is To Be Done? Proposals for the Soviet Transition to the Market, Yale University Press, 1991.

73. “Stabilizing the Soviet Economy,” in Merton J. Peck and Thomas J. Richardson, What Is To Be Done? Proposals for the Soviet Transition to the Market, Yale University Press, 1991.

74. “Do Borders Matter? Soviet Economic Reform After the Coup” joint with Merton J. Peck and Thomas J. Richardson, in Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1991:2.

75. “The United States,” in John Llewellyn and Stephen J. Potter, editors, Economic Policies for the 1990s, Blackwell, Oxford, 1991.

76. “Government Policy to Promote Economic Growth,” in William C. Brainard, William D. Nordhaus, and Harold W. Watts, editors, Money, Macroeconomics, and Economic Policy: Essays in Honor of James Tobin, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1991.

77. “Environmentally Sound Energy: ESETT '91 Symposium,” with U. Colombo and J. Goldemberg, Development, 1992:1, pp. 87-89.

78. “The Ecology of Markets,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 89, February 1992, pp. 843-850, click here.

79. “An Optimal Transition Path for Controlling Greenhouse Gases,” Science, vol. 258, November 20, 1992, pp. 1315-1319.

80. “Climate and Economic Development: Climates Past and Climate Change Future,” Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics: 1993, 1994, pp. 355-376.

81. “Lethal Model II: The Limits to Growth Revisited,” Brooking Papers on Economic Activity, 1992:2.

82. “The Economics of Greenhouse Warming: What are the Issues?” in Costs, Impacts, and Benefits of CO2 Mitigation, Y. Kaya, N. Nakicenovic, W. Nordhaus, and F. Toth, eds., IIASA, CP-93-1993.

83. “Rolling the 'DICE': An Optimal Transition Path for Controlling Greenhouse Gases,” Resource and Energy Economics, vol. 15, 1993, pp. 27-50.

84. “Economic Growth on a Planet Under Siege. “ in Horst Siebert, ed., Economic Growth in the World Economy, J. C. B. Mohr, Tuebingen, Germany, 1993, pp. 223-242.

85. “The Impact of Climate on Agriculture: A Ricardian Approach,” with R. Mendelsohn and Dai Gee Shaw, in Costs, Impacts, and Benefits of CO2 Mitigation,Y. Kaya, N. Nakicenovic, W. Nordhaus, and F. Toth, eds., IIASA, CP-93-002, June 1993, CP-93.

86. “Optimal Greenhouse-Gas Reductions and Tax Policy in the ‘DICE’ Model,” American Economic Review, May 1993, vol. 83, pp. 313-317.

87. “How Much Should We Invest in Preserving Our Current Climate?” in Herbert Giersch, ed., Economic Progress and Environmental Concerns, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993, pp. 255-299.

88. “Reflections on the Economics of Climate Change,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 7, issue 4, Autumn 1993, pp. 11 - 25.

89. “Expert Opinion on Climatic Change,” American Scientist, January-February 1994, vol. 82, pp. 45-51.

89a. “The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: A Ricardian Approach,” with Robert Mendelsohn and Dai Gee Shaw, American Economic Review, September 1994, vol. 84, No. 4, pp. 753-771.

90. “Policy Games: Coordination and Independence in Monetary and Fiscal Policies,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1994:2, pp. 139-216.

91. “The Ghosts of Climates Past and the Specters of Climate Change Future,” Energy Policy, Vol. 23, No. 4/5, 1995, pp. 269-282.

92. “Measuring National Saving,” Challenge, May 1995.

93. “Do Real Output and Real Wage Measures Capture Reality? The History of Light Suggests Not,” Robert J. Gordon and Timothy F. Bresnahan, The Economics of New Goods, University of Chicago Press for National Bureau of Economic Research, 1997, pp. 29-66.

94. “Climate Amenities and Global Warming,” in Climate Change: Integrating Science, Economics, and Policy, N. Nakicenovic, W. Nordhaus, R. Richels, and F. Toth, eds., IIASA, CP-96-1, 1996, pp. 3-45.

95. “A Regional Dynamic General-Equilibrium Model of Alternative Climate-Change Strategies,” with Zili Yang, American Economic Review, vol. 86, No. 4, September 1996, pp. 741-765, click here.

96. “Climate Impacts on Aggregate Farm Values: Accounting for Adaptation” (with Robert Mendelsohn and DaiGee Shaw), Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, vol. 80, 1996.

97. “Reflections on the Concept of Sustainable Economic Growth,” in Economic Growth and the Structure of Long-Term Development, Luigi L. Pasinetti and Robert M. Solow, eds., Oxford University Press, 1994, pp. 309-325.

98. “Locational Competition and the Environment: Should Countries Harmonize Their Environmental Policies?” in Locational Competition in the World Economy, Symposium 1994, ed., Horst Siebert, J. C. B. Mohr (Paul Siebeck), Tuebingen, 1995, pp. 261-287.

99. “The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: Reply,” with Robert Mendelsohn, American Economic Review, Vol. 86, No. 5, 1996, pp. 1312-1315.

100. “What is the Value of Scientific Knowledge? An Application to Global Warming Using the PRICE Model,” with David Popp, The Energy Journal, vol. 18, No. 1, 1997, pp. 1-45.

101. “Beyond the CPI: An Augmented Cost of Living Index (ACOLI),” Business Economics, Vol. 32, No. 3, July 1997, pp. 48-54. [ACOL020199.PDF]

102. “Traditional Productivity Estimates Are Asleep at the (Technological) Switch,” Economic Journal, vol. 107, September, 1997, p. 1548-1559.

103. “Quality Change in Price Indexes,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, Winter, 1997/78.

104. “Discounting in Economics and Climate Change,” Climatic Change, No. 37, 1997, pp. 315-328, click here.

105. “Introduction to the Issues,” in William Nordhaus, ed., An Assessment of the Economics of Climate Change, editor, with contribution, Resources for the Future Press, Washington, 1998.

106. “Assessing the Economics of Climate Change: An Introduction,” in William D. Nordhaus, ed., Economic and Policy Issues in Climate Change, Resources for the Future Press, Washington, 1998.

107. “Discounting and Public Policies That Affect the Distant Future,” in Paul Portney and John Weyant, Discounting and Intergenerational Equity, Resources for the Future, 1999.

108. “The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: Reply,” with Robert Mendelsohn, American Economic Review, December 1999.

109. “Requiem for Kyoto: An Assessment of the Economics of the Kyoto Protocol,” with Joseph G. Boyer, The Energy Journal, Special Issue, 1999, pp. 93-130.

110. “The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: Reply to Roy Darwin,” with Robert Mendelsohn, American Economic Review, vol. 89, No. 4, September 1999, pp. 1053-1055.

111. “Globale Oeffentliche Gueter,” in Wilheom Krull, Zukunftsstreit, Velbrueck Wissenschaft, 2000, Goettingen, Germany.

112. “New Directions in National Economic Accounting,” American Economic Review, May 2001.

113. “From Porcopolis to Carbopolis: The Evolution from Pork Bellies to Emissions Trading,” in Richard Kosobud, ed., Emissions Trading, John Wiley, New York, 2000, pp. 61-73.

114. “The Health of Nations: The Contribution of Improved Health to Living Standards,” in Kevin Murphy and Robert Topel, eds., The Economic Value of Medical Research, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2002. 

115. “The Economics of the Kyoto-Bonn Accord,” Science, November 9, 2001, vol. 294, no. 5545, pp. 1283-1284. 

116. “The Recent Recession, the Current Recovery, and Stock Prices,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2002:1, pp. 199-200, click here

117. “Recommendations to the Bureau of Economic Analysis on Improving the National Economic Accounts,” Survey of Current Business, May 2002. 

118. “Productivity Growth and the New Economy,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2002:2, click here.

119. “Modeling Induced Innovation in Climate-Change Policy,” in Induced Innovation and Climate Change: Collected Essays, ed. Arnulf Gruebler, Nebojsa Nakicenovic, and William Nordhaus, Resources for the Future Press, Washington, D.C., 2002. For a preprint, click here .

120. “The Economic Implications of a War in Iraq.” A short version was published in The New York Review of Books while the full version was published by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2002.  For the full publication (500 KB), click here 

121. “Abrupt Climate Change,” with R. B. Alley, J. Marotzke, J. T. Overpeck, D. M. Peteet, R. A. Pielke Jr., R. T. Pierrehumbert, P. B. Rhines, T. F. Stocker, L. D. Talley, J. M. Wallace, Science, March 28, 2003, pp. 205-210, click here .

122. “Schumpeterian Profits in the American Economy: Theory and Measurement,” NBER Working Paper No. w10433, April 2004.

123. “Retrospective on the 1970s Productivity Slowdown,” Including an Appendix with Alexandra Miltner, National Bureau of Economics Working Paper, December 2004, click here.

124. “Irving Fisher and the Health of Nations,” American Journal of Sociology and Economics, January 2005, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 367-392, click here.

125. “Principles of National Accounting For Non-Market Accounts,” Architecture for the National Accounts, eds., Dale Jorgenson, J. Steven Landefeld, and William Nordhaus, Chicago University Press, 2006. For a preprint, click here.

126. “Geography and Macroeconomics: New Data and New Findings,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US), March 7, 2006, vol. 103, no. 10, 3510-3517, open access at http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/103/10/3510 .

127. “Electoral Victory and Statistical Defeat: Economics, Politics, and the 2004 Election,” Quarterly Journal of Political Science, vol. 1, issue 3, 2006, pp. 313-322, click here.

128. “Alternative Measures of Output in Global Economic-Environmental Models: Purchasing Power Parity or Market Exchange Rates?” Energy Economics, 2007, no 3, click here..

129. “After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming,” American Economic Review, vol. 96, no. 2, May 2006, pp. 31-34, click here.

130. "Paul Samuelson and Global Public Goods,” in Michael Szenberg, Lall Ramrattan, and Aron Gottesman, eds., Samuelsonian Economics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 2006, pp. 88-98. For the prepublication version, click here.

131. “A Review of the Stern Review on the Economics of Global Warming,” Journal of Economic Literature, 2007. Click here for the study.

132. “Two Centuries of Productivity Growth in Computing,” Journal of Economic History, March 2007, click here.

133. “To Tax or Not to Tax: The Case for a Carbon Tax,” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 2007, for a preprint, click here.

134. “The Challenge of Global Warming: Economic Models and Environmental Policy in the DICE-2007 Model,” May 2007, click here.

135. “Costs, Benefits, and Rationing of Health Care,” in Jane Sneddon Little, ed., Wanting It All: The Challenge of Reforming the U.S. Health Care System, Boston, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 2007, pp. 77-87. 

136. “Issues in non-market accounting: Pollution accounting in theory and practice,” in Measuring Capital – Beyond the Traditional Measures, Proceedings of the Seminar Session of the 2007 Conference of European Statisticians, United Nations, New York and Geneva, 2008, pp. 25-36, available click here.

137. “Who’s Afraid of a Big Bad Oil Shock?” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2007:2. For a prepublication version, click here.

138. “Critical Assumptions in the Stern Review on Climate Change,” Science, 13 July 2007, Vol. 317. no. 5835, pp. 201–202, click here.

139. “Magnitude and direction of technological transfers for mitigating GHG emissions,” with Zili Yang, Energy Economics, Vol. 28, no. 5-6, 2006, pp. 730-741.

140. “New metrics for environmental economics: Gridded economic data,” Integrated Assessment, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2008, click here.

141. “Measurement of Income with Time Use with Applications to Hedonic Indicators of Happiness and Misery,” in Alan Kreuger, Ed., National Time Accounting: The Currency of Life, Chicago University Press, 2009.

142. “The Impact of Treaty Nonparticipation on the Costs of Slowing Global Warming,” The Energy Journal, vol. 31, no. 2, 2009.

143. “Geography: Graphics and Economics,” with Xi Chen, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 2008, 9, 2, pp. 1 -12.

144. “Impact On Economic Growth Of Differential Population Growth In An Economy With High Inequality,” The South African Journal of Economics, 2008, 76, 2, pp. 314-315.

145. “The Economics of Hurricanes and Implications of Global Warming,” Climate Change Economics, 2010, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-20, click here. Accompanying material online, click here.

146. “Designing a Friendly Space for Technological Change to Slow Global Warming,” forthcoming, Energy Economics, 2011, for prepublication version, click here.

147. “Economic aspects of global warming in a post-Copenhagen environment,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US), June 14, 2010, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1005985107, click here for article; click here for supplemental material.

148. “Designing a global agreement on global warming,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Volume 67, Issue 1, January 2011 , click here.

149. “Tail Events and Economic Analysis,” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5(2), Summer 2011, 240-257, click here.

150. Xi Chen and William Nordhaus, "Using luminosity data as a proxy for economic statistics," Proceeedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US), May 24, 2011, 108(21): 8589-8594, click here for article, and click here for supporting information.

151. "Energy: Friend or Enemy," New York Review of Books, October 27, 2011. Online version, click here.  

152. “Environmental Accounting for Pollution: Methods with an Application to the United States Economy,” Nicholas Muller, Robert Mendelsohn, and William Nordhaus, American Economic Review, 101 (August 2011): 1649–1675 , click here.

153. "Economic policy in the face of severe tail events," Journal of Public Economic Theory, 14 (2), 2012, pp. 197–219, click here.

154. "A letter on climate-change from 16 scientists: A response," The New York Review of Books, February 22, 2012 and further response, March 22, 2012.

155. "Integrated Economic and Climate Modeling,"Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling, Peter Dixon and Dale Jorgenson, eds., Elsevier, 2013, click here for fair use copy.

 

     Testimony, Reports, Short Notes, Comments, and Working Papers

1. “Theory of Invention in the Firm,” presented to December 1966 meetings of the Econometric Society, abstracted, Econometrica, Volume 35, 1967.

2. “A Welfare Measure of National Output,” No. 00813, August 13, 1970.

3. “GNP and the Quality of Life,” Paper prepared for the General Symposium of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science, December 30, 1971.

4. “Inflation 1973: The Year of Infamy,” Challenge, May/June 1974, pp. 14-22. Expanded version later appeared in National Bureau of Economic Research, Volumes on Income and Wealth.

5. “Welfare Measures for Regional Policies,” N.B.E.R. Conference on “New Directions in Federal Economic Development Programs,” 1973.

6. “Economic Growth,” in Willem L. Oltmans, On Growth, Capricorn Books: New York), Section 19, pp. 119-125, 1974.

7. “World Modeling from the Bottom Up,” IIASA Research Memorandum, RM-75-001, Austria, April 1975.

8. “Mental Maps: Without Spaghetti They are Baloney,” (IIASA Working Paper, WP 75-44, Austria, June 1975.)

9. “Can We Control Carbon Dioxide?,” (IIASA Working Paper, WP 75-63, Austria, June 1975.)

10. “Nits in the WPI,” Paper prepared for Bureau of Labor Statistics Conference on the Wholesale Price Index, October 1975.

11. “How Should We Model Policy Makers?,” February 1976, Paper presented at the Global Opportunity and Constraints for Regional Development– Working Seminar, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, February 19, 1976.

12. “Decisionmaking and Decisionmakers,” paper published in Johns Hopkins Centennial Symposium on Decisionmaking in Society, February 1976.

13. “A Simulation Model of the Allocation of Energy Resources and Technology,” prepared for National Research Council, Committee on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems, April 1976.

14. “What is the Tradeoff Between Energy Consumption and Real Income?,” paper prepared for National Research Council, Committee on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems, October 1976.

15. “Strategies for the Control of Carbon Dioxide,” Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper, mimeo, 1976, Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper 443, January 6, 1977.

16. “What is the Value of Advanced Nuclear Power?,” Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper 449, February 1977.

17. “Modeling Technological Change: Use of Mathematical Programming Models in the Energy Sector,” CFP 457 (with L. Van der Heyden).

18. “The Carbon Dioxide Problem,” paper presented to the American Geophysical Union, Washington, May 1977.

19. “The National Energy Plan,” Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the House Commerce Committee, June 1, 1977.

20. “The Medium Run Outlook for the United States Economy,” presented to the U.S.-U.S.S.R. working group of experts, Washington, June 1977.

21. “Economic Impacts of the National Energy Plan,” Testimony before the Subcommittee on Trade of the House Committee on Ways and Means, September 1977.

22. “Foreign Trade and International Payments,” Testimony before the Joint Senate-House Subcommittee on International Economics, October 1977.

23. “Developments in the Foreign Sector,” Testimony before the Subcommittee on Trade of the Committee on Ways and Means, November 1977.

24. “Unemployment Rates in Different Demographic Groups,” Testimony before the Task Force on Distributive Impacts of Budget and Economic Policies of the House Budget Committee, February 1978.

25. “Recent Behavior of the Dollar,” Testimony before the Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, August 1978.

26. “Regulatory Reform,” Testimony before the Administrative Practice and Procedure Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, September 1978.

27. “How Should We Revise Our Beliefs About Nuclear Power Safety After Three Mile Island?” Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 532, July 1979.

28. “The Energy Crisis and Macroeconomic Policy,” Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper No. 534, July 1979.

29. “Thinking About Carbon Dioxide: Theoretical and Empirical Aspects of Optimal Control Strategies,” Department of Energy, Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper 565.

30. “The Macroeconomic Impacts of Energy and Policy Options,” testimony before House Budget Committee, February 19, 1980.

31. “The Macroeconomic Cost of Microeconomic Shocks: The Case of Oil,” Paper prepared for AEA Annual Meetings, September 1980.

32. “Planning for Petroleum Shortages,” testimony before the Senate Finance Committee, published in Senate Finance Committee, Special Oil Taxes, November/December 1980.

33. “The Economic Outlook and Appropriate Policies: Looking to the Early 1980s,” testimony before the Joint Economic Committee, The 1981 Economic Report of the President, Part I, pp. 17-19, January 1981.

34. “Comments on Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards: Occupant Crash Protection,” March 1981, May 1981, and November 1983.

35. “Passive Restraints: An Economic Perspective,” Testimony before House Subcommittee on Telecommunications, April 1981.

36. “Are Real Interest Rates Really High?” paper prepared for International Monetary Fund, May 1982.

37. “The Measurement of Social Risk,” with Steven Durlauf, Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper, September 1982.

38. Competition and Turmoil in the Gasoline Marketing Industry, with F. Sturdivant and R. Russell, Management Analysis Center, 1983.

39. “Chaos and Confusion: The International Economy Today,” Bulletin of Centre d'Etudes Prospective, May 1983.

40. “The Impact of National Policies on the Local Economy,” testimony before the Subcommittee on Domestic Monetary Policy, House Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, An Assessment of Current and Prospective Conditions Affecting Employment and the Prospects for Economic Recovery, Serial No. 98-115, October 1, 1984.

41.Superfund Financing: An Analysis of CERCLA Taxes and Alternative Revenue Approaches, Management Analysis Center, 1984.

42. “Empirical Tests of the Rationality of Economic Forecasts: A Fixed Horizons Approach,” with Steven Durlauf, Cowles Foundation Discussion paper, November 1984.

43. “How to Increase National Saving,” Challenge, May/June 1988. 44. “Curbing the Deficit While Meeting National Priorities,” testimony before the Senate Budget Committee, February 21, 1985.

45. “The Efficiency of Economic Forecasts,” paper prepared for the International Energy Workshop, Laxenburg, Austria, June 1985; Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper, September 1985.

46. “Uncertainties and Research Priorities,” Testimony to the House Subcommittee on Science, October 8, 1991, published in the Hearing Proceedings.

47. “Rolling the 'DICE': An Optimal Transition Path for Controlling Greenhouse Gases,” Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Chicago, Illinois, February 1992.

48. “Editors' Introduction,” Energy Policy, Vol. 23, No. 4/5, 1995, pp. 251-252.

49. “Climate Allowances Protocol (CAP): Comparison of Alternative Global Tradable Emissions Regimes,” Paper presented to the NBER/Yale Workshop on International Environmental Economics, Snowmass, Colorado, August 1997, manuscript dated June 17, 1997.

50. “Modeling Induced Innovation in Climate-Change Policy,” Paper presented at the Workshop on Induced Technological Change, IIASA, Austria, June 1997 and at NBER Summer Institute on Public Economics, August 1997.

50a. “Perspectives on Climate Change Past and Present,” in Brian P. Flannery, Klaus R. Kohlhase, and Duane G. LeVine, IPIECA Symposium on Critical Issues in the Economics of Climate Change, IPIECA, London, 1997.

51. “What are the External Costs of More Rapid Population Growth? Theoretical Issues and Empirical Estimates,” with Joseph Boyer, Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Philadelphia, USA, February, 1998.

52. “The Health of Nations: Irving Fisher and the Contribution of Improved Longevity to Living Standards,” Paper presented at a Conference Celebrating Irving Fisher, May 1998.

53. “From Porcopolis to Carbopolis: The Evolution from Pork Bellies to Emissions Trading,” Paper presented at a Workshop on Emissions Trading, Chicago Federal Reserve Bank, June 1998.

54. “Is the Kyoto Protocol a Dead Duck? Are There Any Live Ducks Around? Comparison of Alternative Global Tradable Emissions Regimes,” Presented at the Snowmass Workshop on Architectural Issues in the Design of Climate Change Policy Instruments and Institutions, August 1998.

55. “New Estimates of the Economic Impacts of Climate Change,” Yale University, October 1998.

56. “The Contribution of Health to Income,” paper prepared for volume on Health and Economic Progress, Chicago, 1999.

57. “Global Public Goods and the Problem of Global Warming,” Annual Lecture, Institut d'Economie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse, France, June 1999.

58. “Modeling Induced Innovation in Climate-Change Policy,” Paper prepared for IIASA-Yale Conference on Induced Innovation, June 1999.

59. “The Economic Impacts of Abrupt Climatic Change.” Paper prepared for a Meeting on Abrupt Climate Change: The Role of Oceans, Atmosphere, and the Polar Regions, National Research Council, January 22, 1999

60. “The Measurement of Time with Simultaneous Activities,” paper prepared for Workshop on Measurement and Research on Time Use Committee on National Statistics of the National Academy of Sciences, May 27-28, 1999.

61. “Fifty Years of Economics, Fifty Years of ECONOMICS,” Journal of Economic Education , Fall 1999, pp. 51-55.

62. Amicus Brief on Remedy in U.S. v. Microsoft, April 27, 2000. Available on the web at http://www.econ.yale.edu/~nordhaus/homepage/Amicus%20brief%20port.htm

63. Measurement of and Research on Time Use: Report of a Workshop , editor with Shelly van Ploeg, Shelly Ver Ploeg, Julie DaVanzo, Frank Samaniego, Joseph Altonji, and Norman Bradburn, National Academy of Science Press, 2000. Available at http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9866.html

64. Presentation at the First Plenary Session of the White House Conference on the New Economy, April 2000. Available on the web at http://www.econ.yale.edu/~nordhaus/homepage/Public%20Service.htm

65. Policy Rules in the New Economy,” Paper prepared for a joint meeting sponsored by the Senate Budget Committee and the Congressional Budget Committee, June 5, 2000

66. “Technology, Economic Growth, and the New Economy,” Background paper prepared for a conference on “R&D and the New Economy,” Norskopping, Sweden, June 13, 2000.

67. “Alternative Methods for Measuring Productivity Growth,” November 14, 2000.

68. “New Data and Output Concepts for Understanding Productivity Trends,” November 6, 2000.

69. Contributor to Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs: What We Don't Know Keeps Hurting Us, Charles Manski, John Pepper, and Carol Petrie, eds., National Academy Press, 2001.

70. “Productivity Growth and the New Economy,” November, 2000.

71. Contributor to National Research Council, Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises, National Academy Press, Washington, 2002.

72. “The Progress of Computing,” (version 5.2.2), April 2002. 

73. “An Economist's View of the Statistical State of the Nation, “Twstimony before the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress, July 24, 2002. 

74. “After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming “ (Paper prepared for the meetings of the American Economic Association and the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, January 2002). 

75. Abrupt Climate Change: Inevitable Surprises, National Academy of Sciences, December 2001. Panel member and coauthor of Chapter on Impacts.
For an online version of the report, go to http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074347/html/

76. “The Economic Impacts of Abrupt Climate Change” (January 1999, August 1999, March 2001). For a pdf version, click here .

77. “Principles of National Accounting For Non-Market Accounts,” April 9, 2000, Prepared for Meeting of the Panel on A Study on the Design of Non-Market Accounts, National Research Council.

77a. “The Outlook for Energy Three Decades After the Energy Crisis,” The International Energy Workshop, Paris, June 22-24, 2004.

78. “The Story of a Bubble,” New York Review of Books, October 2004.

79. “Comment on Alan Blinder and Alan Krueger,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2004:2.

80. “Principles of National Accounting For Non-Market Accounts,” Presented at American Economic Association, “Beyond the Market: A Panel Discussion on Accounting for the Economic Contributions of Nonmarket Activity,” January 2005.

81. “Profile of an Election: The Story of a Non-Mandate, The Economists’ Voice, January 2005.

82. “Alternative Measures of Output in Global Economic-Environmental Models: Purchasing Power Parity or Market Exchange Rates?” Prepared for Meeting of IPCC Expert Meeting on Emission Scenarios, US- EPA Washington, DC, January 12-14, 2005, February 8, 2005 (see above for published article).

83. William Nordhaus, Qazi Azam, David Corderi, Kyle Hood, Nadejda Makarova Victor, Mukhtar Mohammed, Alexandra Miltner, and Jyldyz Weiss, “The G-Econ Database on Gridded Output: Methods and Data,” Yale University, May 12, 2006, available at gecon.yale.edu.

84. “The Economics of Hurricanes in the United States,” Internet version, September 20, 2006; revised August 2009.

85. “Alternative Policies and Sea-Level Rise in the RICE-2009 Model,” Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers, Cowles Foundation, Yale University, 2009.

86. “The Effects of the Security Environment on Military Expenditures: Pooled Analyses of 159 Countries, 1950-2000,” joint with John Oneal and Bruce Russett, Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers, Cowles Foundation, Yale University, 2009

87. “The Perils of the Learning Model For Modeling Endogenous Technological Change,” Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers, Cowles Foundation, Yale University, 2009; presented at the National Academy of Sciences Workshop on Mitigation, April 2010.

88. “Environmental Accounting for Pollution: Methods with an Application to the United States Economy,” with Nicholas Muller and Robert Mendelsohn, 2010.

89. “The Economics of an Integrated World Oil Market,” Address prepared for Annual Conference of Energy Information Agency, 2009, and June 2009 meeting of International Energy Workshop.

90. “Economic Issues in a Designing a Global Agreement on Global Warming,” Keynote Address Prepared for Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges, and Decisions, Copenhagen, Denmark, March 10-12, 2009.

91. “Designing a Friendly Space for Technological Change to Slow Global Warming,” paper presented for a conference volume, Snowmass Conference on Technologies to Combat Global Warming, August 3-4, 2009.

92. "Estimates of the Social Cost of Carbon: Background and Results of the RICE-2011 Model," Cowles Foundation Discussion Paper, October 2011, click here.

93. "Economics and the Geosciences," Presentation at AAAS Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, February 19, 2011, click here.