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Center Discussion Papers
Nos. 1 - 760

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1. Green, Reginald H. & Stephen Hymer. "The Introduction of Cocoa in the Gold Coast: A Study in the Relations Between African Farmers and Colonial
Agricultural Experts,"
February 18, 1966. (46 pp.)

2. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Agrarianism, Dualism and Economic Development," February 23, 1966. (72 pp.)

3. Manesch, Andrea. "The Scope of Allocation in the Public Sector," February 28, 1966. (7 pp.)

4. Frank, Charles. "Integer Programming, Marginal Revenue Productivity and Pricing of Resources," March 31, 1966. (30 pp.)

5. Hunt, Shane. "On the Accuracy of Peruvian Foreign Trade Statistics," April 5, 1966. (19 pp.)

6. Hymer, Stephen "The Impact of the Multinational Firm," May 17, 1966. (35 pp.)

7. Patrick, Hugh T. "The Financing of the Public Sector in Postwar Japan," June 1, 1966. (36 pp.)

8. Berry, R. Albert & Ronald Soligo. "Some Welfare Aspects of International Migration," July 7, 1966. (29 pp.)

9. Berry, R. Albert & Ronald Soligo. "Rural-Urban Migration, Agricultural Output, and the Supply Price of Labor in a Labor Surplus Economy," September 6,
1966. (34 pp.)

10. Rahman, Anisur. "Finite-Horizon Planning and Optimizing the Rate of Savings," September 16, 1966. (22 pp.)

11. Reynolds, Lloyd G. "Comparative Systems, or Comparative Economics," October 3, 1966. (15 pp.)

12. Minami, Ryoshin. "Estimation of Daily Wages in Manufacturing Industries in Pre-War Japan: A Note," October 7, 1966. (34 pp.)

13. Hymer, Stephen. "The Decision to Own a Foreign Enterprise," November 16, 1966. (25 pp.)

14. Nowshirvani, Vahid. "The Cobweb Phenomenon in Subsistence Agriculture: A Theoretical Analysis," November 22, 1966. (15 pp.)

15. Kaneda, Hiromitsu. "Urban/Rural Contrast of Consumption Patterns and Consumer Preferences in Japan, 1952-1962," December 1, 1966. (31 pp.)

16. Rahman, Anisur. "The Welfare Economics of External Borrowing," December 14, 1966. (19 pp.)

17. Mamalaki, Markos. "The Export Sector, Stages of Economic Development and the Saving-Investment Process in Latin America," December 15, 1966.
(31 pp.)

18. Maneschi, Andrea & Clark W. Reynolds. "The Effect of Import Substitution on Foreign Exchange Needs, Saving Rates and Growth in Latin America,"
December 20, 1966. (36 pp.)

19. Minami, Ryoshin. "The Turning Point in the Japanese Economy," February 15, 1967. (49 pp.)

20. Minami, Ryoshin. April 5, 1967, revised. (49 pp.)

21. Kaneda, Hiromitsu. "Long-Term Changes in Food Consumption Patterns in Japan, 1878-1964," April 5, 1967. (51 pp.)

22. Frank, Charles. "Economic Growth, Foreign Trade and Capital Flows," April 12, 1967. (37 pp.)

23. Mamalakis, Markos. "An Analysis of the Financial and Investment Activities of the Chilean Development Corporation: 1939-1964," April 20, 1967. (52

24. Kaneda, Hiromitsu. "Urban-Rural Contrast of Consumer Patterns and Consumer Preferences in Post-War Japan" (revised #15), April, 1967. (18 pp.)

25. Resnick, Stephen & Stephen Hymer. "The Supply Response of Agrarian Economies and the Importance of Z Goods," April 29, 1967. (35 pp)

26. Mamalakis, Markos. "The Changing Structure and roles of the Chilean Agricultural Sector," April 28, 1967. (21 pp.)

27. Rockwell, Charles. "Urban/Rural Contrast of Consumption Patterns and Consumer Preferences in Yugoslavia, 1963," April 29, 1967. (28 pp.)

28. Rahman, Anisur. "Perspective Planning for Economic Maturity: Concepts, Logic and Methodology," May 2, 1967. (27 pp.)

29. Frank, Charles. "Employment Objectives and Economic Development in Africa (with Special References to Nigeria)," April 27, 1967. (61 pp.)

30. Huddle, Donald. "Notes on the Brazilian Industrialization: Sources of Growth and Structural Change, 1947-1963," June 2, 1967. (33 pp.)

31. Rahman, Anisur. "On the (Social) Elasticity of Marginal Utility from One- Period Consumption," June 15, 1967. (24 pp.)

32. Van Arkadie, Brian. "Canadian Independence and a Choice for the Third Stephen Hymer World," June 15, 1967. (24 pp.)

33. Huddle, Donald. "Disequilibrium Systems, Industrialization, and Inflation: The Brazilian Case," July 17, 1967. (34 pp.)

34. Sen, Sunada. "Economics of External Borrowing: The Liquidity Constraint and the Two-Gap Models of Foreign Aid," August 1, 1967. (31 pp.)

35. Cooper, Richard. "Economic Policy Adjustment in Interdependent Economies," August 17, 1967. (38 pp.)

36. Mamalakis, Markos. "Negative Personal Saving in the Chilean National Accounts: An Artifact or Reality," August 24, 1967. (52 pp.)

37. Mamalakis, Markos. "The American Copper Companies and the Chilean Government, 1920-1967: Profile of an Export Sector," September 22, 1967.
(116 pp.)

38. Berry, R. Albert. "A Note on Luxury Imports, the Savings Rank and Welfare," October 17, 1967. (12 pp.)

39. Hymer, Stephen & Stephen Resnick. "A Note on the Constancy of the Real Wage," October 17, 1967. (10 pp.)

39a. Hymer, Stephen & Stephen Resnick. October 1, 1967, Paper No. 25, revised.

40. Fei John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Agriculture in the Open Economy," November 1, 1967. (37 pp.)

41. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Foreign Assistance and Economic Development Revisited," December 4, 1967. (24 pp.)

42. Cooper, Richard. "The Relevance of International Liquidity to Developed Countries," December 11, 1967. (23 pp.)

43. Pack. Howard & Michael Todaro. "Industrialization, Employment and the Choice of Alternative Vintage Equipment in Less Developed Countries," January
17, 1968. (25 pp.)

44. Reynolds, Lloyd G. "Is Economic Development a Subject?" February 6, 1968. (31 pp.)

45. Reynolds, Lloyd G. "Economic Development with Surplus Labor: Some Complications," February 8, 1968. (17 pp.)

46. Reynolds, Lloyd G. "Relative Earnings and Manpower Allocation in Developing Economies," February 14, 1968. (29 pp.)

47. Rockwell, Charles. "An International Comparison of the Size and Efficiency of the Yugoslav Plant," February 26, 1968. (26 pp.)

48. Hymer, Stephen & Stephen Resnick. "Interactions Between the Government and the Private Sector: An Analysis of Government Expenditure Policy and
the Reflection Ratio,"
March 28, 1968. (35 pp.)

49. Hymer, Stephen. "The Political Economy of the Gold Coast and Ghana," April 11, 1968. (29 pp.)

50. Patrick, Hugh T. "Japanese Government Macro Policy: Failure in the 1920's Success (of a Sort) in the 1930's," April 18, 1968. (65 pp.)

51. Cohen, Benjamin & Gustav Ranis. "Import Liberalization and Growth: The Second Post- War Restructuring," April 16, 1968. (25 pp.)

52. Reynolds, Lloyd G. "Notes on Raising and Allocating Central Government Revenues," April 18, 1968. (13 pp.)

53. Berry, R. Albert. "Some Implications of Elitist Rule for Economic Development in Colombia," April 19, 1968. (44 pp.)

53a. Hymer, Stephen. "Transatlantic Reactions to Foreign Investment," April 18, 1968. (44. pp.)

54. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Technological Transfer, Employment and Development," May 24, 1968.
55. Cooper, Richard. "Devaluation and Aggregate Demand," June 11, 1968. (25 pp.)

56. Rockwell, Charles. "The Relevance of Illyria for Less Developed Countries," June 27, 1968. (47 pp.)

57. Reynolds, Lloyd. "The Content of Development Economics," October 1, 1968. (14 pp.)

58. Islam, Nurul. "Export Incentives and Responsiveness of Exports in Pakistan: A Quantitative Analysis," October 17, 1968. (50 pp.)

59. Patrick, Hugh T. "The Phoenix Risen from the Ashes: Postwar Japan," October 18, 1968. (59 pp.)

60. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Economic Development in Historical Perspective," November 12, 1968. (47 pp.)

61. Nelson, Richard R. "The Effective Exchange Rate, Employment and Growth in a Foreign Exchange Constrained Economy," December 19, 1968. (48 pp.)

62. Cohen, Benjamin I. "The Use of Effective Tariffs," February 24, 1969. (20 pp.)

63. Hymer, Stephen & Stephen Resnick. "Capital and Wealth in the Development Process," April 4, 1969. (21 pp.)

64. Edwards, Edgar O. "Work Effort, Investible Surplus and the Inferiority of Competition," May 2, 1969. (53 pp.)

65. Pack, Howard & Michael Todaro. "Technological Transfer, Labor Absorption, and Economic Development," May 1, 1969. (14 pp.)

66. Tomasini, Luigi. "American Investments and Industrial Concentration in Europe," May 28, 1969. (26 pp.)

67. Cohen, Benjamin. "The International Development of India and Pakistan," June 25, 1969. (44 pp.)

68. Cooper, Richard. "Toward an International Capital Market?" July 10, 1969. (26 pp.)

69. Nugent, Jeffery. "Exchange Rate Policy and Export Performance: A Comparative Study of Less Developed Countries on the Silver and Gold Standards in
the Late Nineteenth Century,"
July 22, 1969. (64 pp.)

70. Patrick, Hugh T. "Financial Intermediation in Japan," July 31, 1969. (42 pp.)

71. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Technological Transfer, Employment and Development" (Revised), August 1, 1969. (38 pp.)

72. Cooper, Richard N. "Currency Devaluation in Developing Countries: A Cross- Sectional Assessment," July 1969. (66 pp.)

73. Hymer, Stephen. "The Political Economy of the Gold Coast and Ghana," September 5, 1969. (Paper No. 49 revised)

74. Resnick, Stephen. "A Socio-Economic Interpretation of the Decline of Rural Industry Under Export Expansion: A Comparison Among Burma, Philippines
and Thailand, 1870-1938,"
September 17, 1969. (62 pp.)

75. Daly, Herman E. "The Population Question in Northeast Brazil: Its Economic and Ideological Dimensions," September 19, 1969. (56 pp.)

76. Hymer, Stephen. "Multinational Corporation and International Oligopoly: The Non-American Challenge," September 1969. (49 pp.)

77. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Some Aspects of the Brazilian Experience with Foreign Aid," October 1969. (39 pp.)

78. Cohen, Benjamin I. "Bilateral Foreign Aid and Multilateral Foreign Aid," November 6, 1969. (59 pp.)

79. Hymer, Stephen. "Economic Forms in Pre-Colonial Ghana," November 6, 1969. (28 pp.)

80. Daly, Herman E. "A Marxian-Malthusian View of Poverty and Exploitation with a Corresponding Typology of Social Classes," November 17, 1969. (44

81. Dudley, Leonard. "Learning by Doing and Dynamic Comparative Advantage," December 18, 1969. (20 pp.)

82. Patrick, Hugh T. "Finance, Capital Markets and Economic Growth in Japan," January 14, 1970. (53 pp.)

83. Hymer, Stephen H. & Stephen Resnick. "International Trade and Uneven Development," January 15, 1970. (33 pp.)

84. Bell, Steven. "The Historical Determinants of Underdevelopment in Thailand," February 1970. (36 pp.)

85. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Adean Common Market: Gestation and Outlook," May 1970. (52 pp.)

86. Cohen, Benjamin I. & Daniel Sisle. "Export of Developing Countries in the 1960's," June 22, 1970. (43 pp.)

87. Girvan, Norman. "Multinational Corporations and Dependent Underdevelopment in Mineral-Export Economies," June 22, 1970. (60 pp.)

88. Bhalla, Ajit S. "A Disaggregative Approach to LDC's Tertiary S. Sector," June 26, 1970. (50 pp.)

89. Berry, R. Albert. "Income and Wealth Distribution in the Development Process and Their Relationship to Output Growth," July 1970. (37 pp.)

90. Ranis, Gustav. "Relative Prices in Planning for Economic Development," July 20, 1970. (21 pp.)

91. Rockwell, Charles. "Growth and Technical Progress in the Socialist Enterprises of Yugoslavia: A Cobb-Douglas Analysis Using Extraneous Estimators,"
July 22, 1970. (100 pp.)

92. Miyazawa, Kenichi. "An Analysis of the Interdependence Between Service and Good-Producing Sectors," August 13, 1970. (22 pp.)

93. Weisskoff, Richard. "Income Distribution and Economic Growth in Puerto Rico, Argentina and Mexico," August 1970. (59 pp.)

94. Bhalla, Ajit S. "Economic Efficiency, Capital-Intensity and Capital- Labour Substitution in Retail Trade," September 1, 1970. (38 pp.)

95. Pack, Howard & Michael Todaro. "Industrialization, Employment and the Choice of Alternative Vintage Equipment in Less Developed Countries"
(Revision of #43), September 25, 1970. (22 pp.)

96. Bhalla, Ajit S. "A Disaggregative Approach to LDC's Tertiary Sector" (Revision of #88), September 25, 1970. (31 pp.)

97. Ranis, Gustav. "Technology Choice, Employment and Growth," September 29, 1970. (23 pp.)

98. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "LDC Innovation Analysis and the Technology Gap," September 29, 1970. (36 pp.)

99. Nelson, Richard R. "The Technology Gap and National Science Policy," September 30, 1970. (25 pp.)

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100. Berry, R. Albert. "International Trade Fluctuations and the Income and Wealth Fluctuations of Economic Growth," September 1970. (42 pp.)

101. Berry, R. Albert . "On the Usefulness of a Presumptive Tax on Agricultural Land in Colombia," October 29, 1970. (16 pp.)

102. Eads, George & Richard R. Nelson. "Governmental Support of an Advanced Civilian Technology - Power Reactors and the Supersonic Transport,"
November 1970. (26 pp.)

103. Nelson , Richard R. "Issues and Suggestions for the Study of Industrial Organization in a Regime of Rapid Technical Change," January 1971. (35 pp.)

104. Nelson, Richard R. "Less Developed Countries, Technology Transfer and Adaptation, and the Role of the National Science Community," January 1971.
(30 pp.)

105. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Labor Productivity and Other Characteristics of Cement Plants: An International Comparison," February 1971. (30 pp.)

106. Nowshirvani, Vahid. "The Efficiency of the Market Mechanism in Traditional Agriculture: A Reexamination of an Old Controversy," March 23, 1971. (46

107. Berry, R. Albert. "Land Reform and the Agricultural Income Distribution," March 24, 1971. (23 pp.)

108. Berry, R. Albert. "Land Distribution, Income Distribution and the Productive Efficiency of Colombian Agriculture," March 1971. (80 pp.)

109. Kuznets, Paul W. "The Korean Take-off," January 1971. (40 pp.)

110. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Development and Employment in the Open Dualistic Economy," April 18, 1971. (52 pp.)

111. Kislev, Yoav. "The Economics of the Agricultural Extension Service," April 19, 1971. (31 pp.)

112. Tuncer, Baran. "Development of the Turkish Economy: An Experience in Planning," May 1971. (112 pp.)

113. Pack, Howard. "The Contribution of Education to Growth: An Alternative Approach," May 1971. (15 pp.)

114. Stryker, J. Dirck. "Population Density, Agricultural Technique and Land Utilization in a Village Economy," May 1971. (43 pp.)

115. Kunreuthe, Howard. "Risk Taking and Farmer's Crop Growing Decisions," June 1971. (30 pp.)

116. Ranis, Gustav. "Industrial Sector Labor Absorption," July 1971. (35 pp.)

117. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Labor Productivity and Other Characteristics of Cement Plants: An International Comparison" (Revised #105), July 1971. (42 pp.)

118. Resnick, Stephen. "The Second Path to Capitalism: A Model of International Development," September 1971. (31 pp.)

119. Kislev, Yoav & Nira Shohori-Bachrach. "The Diffusion of Innovation in the Israeli Agriculture," July 1971. (25 pp.)

120. Hanson, James. "Federal Expenditures and the Political Economy of the Mexican Revolution: An Exploratory Empirical Study," September 1971. (46 pp.)

121. Tuncer, Baran. "A Study of the Socio-Economic Determinants of Fertility in Turkey," August 1971. (43 pp.)

122. Wright, Arthur W. & Lloyd S. Etheredge. "The Soviet Precedent in Czechoslovak and Yugoslav Agriculture: Two Case Studies of Communist Economic
August 1971. (118 pp.)

123. Hanson, James. "Trade, Growth and the Heckscher Ohlin Theorem," September 1971. (26 pp.)

124. Evenson, Robert E. & Yoav Kislev. "Investment in Agricultural Research and Extension: A Study of International Data," August 1971. (66 pp.)

125. Ranis, Gustav. "The Role of the Industrial Sector in Korea's Transition to Economic Maturity," August 1971. (43 pp.)

126. U Tun Wai. "Financial Intermediation and National Savings in Developing Countries," August 1971. (139 pp.)

127. McCabe, James & Milind Lee. "Optimal Growth and the Distribution of Income and Capital," September 1971. (24 pp.)

128. Nelson, Richard. "Recent Exercises in Growth Accounting: New Understand- ing or Dead End?" September 1971. (27 pp.)

129. Pollitt, Brian. "Some Notes on Soviet Economic Debate in the 1920's," October 1971. (60 pp.)

130. Resnick, Stephen & Thomas Birnberg. "A Model of the Trade and Government Sectors in Colonial Economies," November 1971. (71 pp.)

131. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Future of Direct Foreign Investment in Latin America," December 1971. (31 pp.)

132. Cooper, Richard. "The European Community's System of Generalized Tariff Preferences: A Critique," December 1971. (22 pp.)

133. Farooq, Ghazi M. "An Aggregative Model of Labor Force Participation in Pakistan," December 1971. (35 pp.)

134. Elliott, James. "International Social Welfare Comparisons: A New Approach," December 1971. (28 pp.)

135. Birnberg, Thomas & Benjamin Cohen. "A Theoretical Analysis of Partial Economic Reform," December 1971. (14 pp.)

136. Cohen, Benjamin. "The Economic Impact of Foreign Investments of the Export of Manufactures: A Tentative Study of South Korea," January 1972. (32

137. Berry, R. Albert. "Some Determinants of Changing Income Distribution in Colombia: 1930-1970," March 1972. (75 pp.)

138. Berry, R. Albert. "Aspects of the Optimal Interest Rate," April 1972. (25 pp.)

139. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Trends and Phases in the Colombian Economy and Its Foreign Trade and Payments, 1950-70," April 1972. (40 pp.)

140. Brecher, Richard. "Minimum Wage Rates and the Pure Theory of International Trade," April 1972.

141. McCabe, James. "Income Distribution and Optimal Growth: The Case of Open Unemployment," April 1972. (34 pp.)

142. Berry, R. Albert. "The Relevance and Prospects of Small Scale Industry in Colombia," April 1972. (132 pp.)

143. Goldsmith, Raymond. "A Synthetic Estimate of the National Wealth of Japan, 1880-1970," April 1972. (38 pp.)

144. Berry, R. Albert. "The Rate of Interest and the Demand for Labor," May 1972. (29 pp.)

145. Berry, R. Albert. "Unemployment as a Social Problem in Urban Colombia: Some Preliminary Hypotheses and Interpretations," Part 2   Part 3   May 1972. (150 pp.)

146. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Determination of Observed Merchandise Imports and Their Link to Capital Formation," June 1972. (15 pp.)

147. Stryke, J. Dirck. "Exports and Growth in the Ivory Coast: Timber, Cocoa and Coffee," June 1972. (114 pp.)

148. Hanson, James. "Agricultural Productivity and the Distribution of Land: Venezuelan Case," June 1972. (48 pp.)

149. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Minor Colombian Merchandise Exports," July 1972. (48 pp.)

150. Siamwalla, Ammar. "Land, Labor and Capital in Three Rice Growing Deltas of Southeast Asia, 1800-1940," July 1972. (58 pp.)

151. Cohen, Benjamin. "Foreign Investment by U.S. Corporations as a Way of Reducing Risk," July 1972. (20 pp.)

152. Ranis, Gustav. "Some Observations on the Economic Framework for Optimum LDC Utilization of Technology," August 1972. (44 pp.)

153. Stryke, J. Dirck. "Vent for Surplus Growth in a Colonial Economy: A Tentative Model," August 1972. (37 pp.)

154. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Mechanism for Containing Imports: The System During 1971 and a Retrospective Look at Its Evolution (Tariffs, Prior
Deposits and the Exchange Rate),"
August 1972. (25 pp.)

155. Stryke, J. Dirck. "Population Density, Capital Investment, and Agricultural Exports: The Franc Zone," August 1972. (41 pp.)

156. Birnberg, Thomas & Stephen Resnick. "Dynamic Properties of Colonial Development," September 1972. (76 pp.)

157. Montias, J. M. "The Aggregation of Controls in the Autonomy of Subordinates," September 1972. (41 pp.)

158. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Mechanism for Containing Imports: The System During 1971 and a Retrospective Look at Its Evolution (Import
September 1972. (48 pp.)

159. Farooq, Ghazi & Baran Tuncer. "Provincial Fertility and Social and Economic Development in Turkey, 1935-65," October 1972. (68 pp.)

160. Fields, Gary S. "The Private Demand for Education in Relation to Labor Market Conditions in Less Developed Countries," October 1972. (29 pp.)

161. McCabe, James & David Sibley. "Optimal Savings and Foreign Debt Policy with Export Revenue Uncertainty," October 1972. (34 pp.)

162. Kuznets, Simon. "Income-Related Differences in Natural Increases: Bearing on Growth and Distribution of Income," October 1972. (36 pp.)

163. McCabe, James. "Unemployment as a Social Welfare Problem in Urban Zaire," November 1972. (27 pp.)

164. Cohen, Benjamin. "An Alternative Theoretical Approach to the Impact of Foreign Investment on the Host Country," November 1972. (15 pp.)

165. Kuznets, Simon. "Demographic Aspects of the Distribution of Income Among Families: Recent Trends in the United States," November 1972. (36 pp.)

166. Kuznets, Simon. "Rural-Urban Differences in Fertility: An International Comparison," November 1972. (73 pp.)

167. Mokyr, Joel. "The Industrial Revolution in the Low Countries in the First Half of the 19th Century: A Comparative Case Study," November 1972. (37

168. Fields, Gary S. "Rural-Urban Migration, Urban Employment and Underemployment, and Job Search Activity in LDC's," December 1972. (27 pp.)

169. McCabe, James. "Effects of Changes in the Level and Distribution of Capital Holdings on Income Inequality," January 1973. (25 pp.)

170. McCabe, James & C. Michalopoulos. "Tariff Policy, Equipment Production and Employment in Developing Countries," January 1973. (45 pp.)

171. Fields, Gary S. "The Allocation of Resources to Education in Less Developed Countries," January 1973. (29 pp.)

172. Fei, John C. H. "The Standard Market of Traditional China," February 1973. (24 pp.)

173. Fields, Gary S. "Higher Education and Income Distribution in a Less Developed Country," March 1973. (30 pp.)

174. Weisskoff, Richard. "A Multi-Sector Simulation Model of Employment, Growth, and Income Distribution in Puerto Rico: A Re-evaluation of 'Successful'
Development Strategy,"
March 1973. (37 pp.)

175. Farooq, Ghazi & Baran Tuncer. "Fertility and Economic and Social Development in Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Time Series Study," April 1973. (37pp.)

176. Gerken, Egbert. "Land Productivity and the Employment Problem of Rural Areas," March 1973. (36 pp.)

177. Cohen, Benjamin. "Role of the Multinational Firm in the Exports of Manufactures from Developing Countries," May 1973. (24 pp.)

178. Berry, R. Albert. "Urban Labor Surplus and the Commerce Sector: Colombia," June 1973. (60 pp.; Appendix, 38 pp.)

179. Pack, Howard. "The Employment-Output Tradeoff in Less Developed Countries: A Micro Economic Approach," June 1973. (20 pp.)

180. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Trade Policies and Economic Development," June 1973. (85 pp.)

181. Farooq, Ghazi & Gordon Winston. "Shift Working, Employment and Economic Development: A Study of Industrial Workers in Pakistan," July 1973. (64

182. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Colombian Imports and Import Controls in 1970-71: Some Quantifiable Features," July 1973. (45 pp.)

183. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Some Characteristics of Recent Export Expansion in Latin America," July 1973. (34 pp.)

184. Cooper, Richard. "Tariffs and Smuggling in Indonesia," July 1973. (16 pp.)

185. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Colombian 1965-66 Liberalization Episode," August 1973. (32 pp.)

186. Nelson, Richard R. & Victor D. Norman. "Technological Change and Factor Mix over the Product Cycle: A Model of Dynamic Comparative
1973. (31 pp.)

187. Berry, R. Albert. "Population Growth, Output Growth and Distribution of Income," October 1973. (61 pp.)

188. Wolff, Edward. "The Rate of Surplus Value in Puerto Rico," October 1973. (23 pp.)

189. Brecher, Richard. "Optimal Commercial Policy for a Minimum-Wage Economy," October 1973. (19 pp.)

190. Katz, Jorge M. "Patents, the Paris Convention and Less Developed Countries," November 1973. (77 pp.)

191. Kuznets, Simon. "Population Trends and Modern Economic Growth, (Notes Toward an Historical Perspective)," November 1973. (34 pp.)

192. Weisskoff, Richard & Edward Wolff. "Development and Trade Dependence: The Case of Puerto Rico," November 1973. (45 pp.)

193. Rosenzweig, Mark. "Differential Investment in Children: Sex-Specific Child Quality, Fertility and Educational Expenditures," November 1973. (39 pp.)

194. Gersovitz, Mark. "Distribution and Production Implications of Land Reform," December 1973. (22 pp.)

195. Goldsmith, Raymond. "The Financial Development of India and Japan, 1860- 1970 A Survey in Contrasts," January 1974. (41 pp.)

196. Pack, Howard. "Employment and Productivity in Kenyan Manufacturing," February 1974. (37 pp.)

197. McCabe, James L. & Milind M. Lele. "Income Distribution and Optimal Growth: The Case of Open Unemployment," March 1974. (37 pp.)

198. Evenson, Robert & Rakesh Mohan. "The Intensive Agricultural Districts Program in India: A New Evaluation," March 1974. (38 pp.)

199. Gersovitz, Mark. "Aggregate Demand, the Wage Gap and Unemployment in LDC's," March 1974. (19 pp.)

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200. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "North-South Relations: The Economic Component," April 1974. (55 pp.)

201. Montias, J. M. "The Structure of Common Trade and the Prospects for East-West Exchanges," April 1974. (45 pp.)

202. Fields, Gary S. & John C. H. Fei. "On Inequality Comparisons," May 1974. (37 pp.)

203. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Trade and the Import Control System in Colombia," May 1974. (49 pp.)

204. Figueroa, Adolfo & Richard Weisskoff. "Viewing Social Pyramids: Income Distribution in Latin America," May 1974. (35 pp.)

205. Fei, John C. H. & Gary S. Fields. "The Indexability of Ordinal Measures of Inequality," June 1974. (48 pp.)

206. McCabe, James. "Economic Determinants of Fertility in Kinshasa, Zaire: An Analysis of the Published Data," June 1974. (25 pp.)

207. Fei, John C. H. & Gustav Ranis. "Income Inequality by Additive Factor Components," June 1974. (70 pp.)

208. Fei, John C. H. & Gary S. Fields. "Growth, Employment, and the Size Distribution of Income: A Progress Report," June 1974. (24 pp.)

209. Fields, Gary S. "Migration-Labor Turnover and Human Investment Theory," June 1974. (25 pp.)

210. Brecher, Richard & Ian C. Parker. "Cocoa, Employment and Capital in the Ghanaian Economy: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," July 1974. (53

211. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Trade Policies and Colombian Development," July 1974. (58 pp.)

212. Weisskoff, Richard. "Equity, Efficiency and Social Welfare: A Comparison of Latin American Areas," August 1974. (47 pp.)

213. Ranis, Gustav. "The Multinational Corporation as an Instrument of Development," September 1974. (34 pp.)

214. Seiver, Daniel. "Recent Fertility in Mexico: Measurement and Interpretation," October 1974. (29 pp.)

215. Minami, Ryoshin. "The Introduction of Electric Power and Its Impact on the Manufacturing Industries: With Special References to Smaller Scale Plants,"
October 1974. (50 pp.)

216. McCabe, James & Mark Rosenzweig. "Female Labor-Force Participation and Fertility in Developing Countries," November 1974. (50 pp.)

217. Kuznets, Simon. "Fertility Differentials Between Less Developed and Developed Regions: Components and Implications," November 1974. (100 pp.)

218. Rosenzweig, Mark. "The Economic Determinants of School Enrollment and Expenditure in U.S. Agriculture," November 1974. (28 pp.)

219. Cooper, Richard N. "An Economist's View of the Oceans," November 1974. (23 pp.)

220. Cooper, Richard N. "Worldwide vs. Regional Integration: Is There an Optimal Size of the Integrated Area?" November 1974. (16 pp.)

221. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Post-1971 International Financial System and the Less Developed Countries," December 1974. (50 pp.)

222. Cardwell, Lucy A. & Mark Rosenzweig. "Monopsonistic Discrimination and Sex Differences Wages," January 1975. (31 pp.)

223. Fei, John C. H., Gustav Ranis & Shirley W. Kuo. "Growth and the Family Distribution of Income by Factor Components: The Case of Taiwan," March
1975. (86 pp.)

224. Minami. Ryoshin & Akiro Ono. "Wages and Employment in Dualistic Development: Japanese Experience," March 1975. (70 pp.)

225. Nowshirvani Vahid with assistance of Alice Knight. "The Beginnings of Commercial Agriculture in Iran," April 1975. (65 pp.)

226. Kuznets, Simon. "Demographic Components in Size-Distribution of Income," April 1975. (130 pp.)

227. Cardwell, Lucy & James McCabe. "Transport Cost and Other Determinants of the Intensity of Cultivation in Rural Zaire," April 1975. (38pp.)

228. Rosenzweig, Mark. "The Demand for Farm Children: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," April 1975. (65 pp.)

229. Nelson, Richard, Sidney Winter & Herbert Schuette. "Technical Change in an Evolutionary Model," June 1975. (48 pp.)

230. Brecher, Richard & Ian C. Parker. "Time Structure of Production and the Theory of International Trade," July 1975. (27 pp.)

231. Ranis, Gustav. "LDC Employment and Growth: A Synthesis of Economic Growth Center Research," July 1975. (41 pp.)

232. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Data Needs in Development Economics," July 1975. (17 pp.)

233. Fields, Gary S. "On Inequality and Economic Development," August 1975. (61 pp.)

234. Kuznets, Simon. "Aspects of Post World War II Growth in Less Developed Countries," August 1975. (46 pp.)

235. Fields, Gary S. "A Re-Examination of Brazilian Economic Development in the 1960s," August 1975. (26 pp.)

236. Ranis, Gustav. "Economic Development and Financial Institutions," September 1975. (38 pp.)

237. Fields, Gary S. "Education and Economic Mobility in Colombia," September 1975. (42 pp.)

238. Rosenzweig, Mark. "Female Work Experience, Employment Status, and Birth Expectations: Sequential Decision-Making in the Philippines," October
1975. (31 pp.)

239. Rosenzweig, Mark & Robert Evenson. "Fertility, Schooling and the Economic Contribution of Children in Rural India: An Econometric Analysis,"
November 1975. (23 pp.)

240. Lardy, Nicholas. "Regional Growth and Income Distribution: The Chinese Experience," November 1975. (58 pp.)

241. Chowdhury, Malik. "First Five Year Plan, Economic Development, of Policy Instruments and Institutions in Bangladesh," December 1975. (34 pp.)

242. Ranis, Gustav. "Development Theory at Three Quarters Century," January 1976. (31 pp.)

243. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Direct Foreign Investment by Latin Americans," March 1976. (33 pp.)

244. Fields, Gary S. "More on Changing Income Distribution and Economic Development in Brazil," April 1976. (19 pp.)

245. Ranis, Gustav. "Growth and Distribution: Tradeoffs or Complements?" May 1976. (25 pp.)

246. Brecher, Richard. "Monetary and Unemployment Aspects of Trade- Balance Adjustment," May 1976. (25 pp.)

247. Knauerhase, Ramon. "Social Factors and Labor Market Structure in Saudi Arabia," May 1976. (27 pp.)

248. Anderson, Barbara & James L. McCabe. "Nutrition and the Fertility of Younger Women in Kinshasa, Zaire," May 1976. (22 pp.)

249. Martirena-Mantel, Ana. "A Generalized Crawling-Peg Exchange-Rate System for a Small Open Inflationary Economy," July 1976. (47 pp.)

250. McCabe, James. "Regional Product Price Differences and the Sectoral Distribution of Labor in LDC's," July 1976. (36 pp.)

251. Fields, Gary S. & Nohra deMarulanda. "Intersectoral Wage Structure in Colombia," August 1976. (46 pp.)

252. Fei, John C. H. "Economic Development of Traditional China," September 1976. (40 pp.)

253. Liu, Ts'ui-Jung & John C. H. Fei. "An Analysis of the Ch'ing Land Tax Burden, 1650- 1865," September 1976. (45 pp.)

254. Heady, Christopher. "Alternative Theories of Wages in Less Developed Countries: An Empirical Test," October 1976. (26 pp.)

255. Fields, Gary. "A Welfare Economic Approach to Growth and Distribution in the Dual Economy," November 1976. (34 pp.)

256. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "International Markets for Exhaustible Resources, Less Developed Countries, and Transnational Corporations," December
1976. (53 pp.)

257. Patrick, Hugh T. "Prospects for Long-Run Productivity Growth in Japan," December 1976. (40 pp.)

258. Schultz, T. Paul. "An Economic Interpretation of the Decline in Fertility in a Rapidly Developing Country: Consequences of Development and Family
March 1977. (86 pp.)

259. Fei, John C. H. "An Engineering-Oriented Approach to the Adoption Technology," April 1977. (37 pp.)

260. Fields, Gary S. "Poverty, Inequality, and Development: Alleviation or Exacerbation?" April 1977. (39 pp.)

261. Kuznets, Simon. "Recent Population Trends in Less Developed Countries and Implications for Internal Income Inequality," May 1977. (69 pp.)

262. Fields, Gary S. & T. Paul Schultz. "Sources of Income Variation in Colombia: Personal and Regional Effects," June 1977. (82 pp.)

263. Fields, Gary S. "Decomposing LDC Inequality," June 1977. (32 pp.)

264. Ranis, Gustav. "Equity with Growth in Taiwan: How 'Special' is the 'Special Case'?" July 1977. (35 pp.)

265. Heady, Christopher. "Shadow Wages and Induced Migration," August 1977. (14 pp.)

266. Schultz, T. Paul. "A Conditional Logit Model of Internal Migration: Venezuelan Lifetime Migration Within Educational Strata," September 1977. (68 pp.)

267. Fields, Gary S. "Income Inequality in Urban Colombia: A Decomposition Analysis," September 1977. (29 pp.)

268. Ranis, Gustav. "Science, Technology and Development: A Retrospective View," October 1977. (50 pp.)

269. Kuznets, Simon. "Size and Age Structure of Family Households: Exploratory Comparisons," October 1977. (63 pp.)

270. Rosenzweig, Mark. "Rural Wages, Labor Supply and Land Reform: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," November 1977. (48 pp.)

271. Rosenzweig, Mark. "Neoclassical Theory and the Optimizing Peasant: An Econometric Analysis of Market Family Labor Supply," November 1977. (39

272. Sarma, M. T. R. "Economic Value of Children in Rural India," November 1977. (36 pp.)

273. Fields, Gary S. "Poverty, Inequality, and the Measurement of Development Performance," December 1977. (93 pp.)

274. Evenson, Robert. "The Organization of Crop- and Animal-Improvement Research in the Low-Income Countries," December 1977. (35 pp.)

275. Binswanger, Hans. "Risk Attitudes of Rural Households in Semi-Arid Tropical India," January 1978. (33 pp.)

276. Ranis, Gustav. "Technology Choice and Employment in Developing Countries:A Synthesis of Economic Growth Center Research," February 1978. (38

277. Branson, William & Louka Katseli-Papaefstratiou. "Income Instability, Terms of Trade and the Choice of Exchange Rate Regime," February 1978. (70

278. Rosenzweig. Mark & Daniel Seiver. "Education and Contraceptive Choice: Conditional Logit and Structural Models," February 1978. (42 pp.)

279. Suzuki, Nagatoshi. "Industrial Development in a Dual Society: The Indonesian Case," March 1978. (22 pp.)

280. Boulier, Bryan & Mark Rosenzweig. "Age, Biological Factors, and Socioeconomic of Fertility: New Measures of Cumulative Fertility for Use in the
Socioeconomic Analysis of Family Size,"
March 1978. (41 pp.)

281. Binswanger, Hans. "Income Distribution Effects of Technical Change: Some Analytical Issues," May 1978. (40 pp.)

282. Baily, Mary Ann. "Factor Market Structure and Technology Choice in the Colombian Brick Industry," May 1978. (32 pp.)

283. Schultz, T. Paul. "Notes on the Estimation of the Macro Economic Determinants of Migration," June 1978.

284. Schultz, T. Paul. "Fertility and Child Mortality over the Life Cycle: Aggregate and Individual Evidence," June 1978. (29 pp.)

285. Binswanger, Hans. "Attitudes Towards Risk: Experimental Measurement in Rural India," June 1978. (48 pp.)

286. Binswanger, Hans. "Attitudes Towards Risk: Implications for Economic and Psychological Theories of an Experiment in Rural India," June 1978. (59 pp.)

287. Katseli-Papaefstratiou, Louka. "Progressive Taxes and the Effectiveness of Fiscal Policy," June 1978. (13 pp.)

288. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth Wolpin. "Testing the Quantity-Quality Fertility Model: Results from a Natural Experiment," June 1978. (27 pp.)

289. Teranishi, Juro. "Government Credits, Demand and Supply of Deposits and the Development of Banking: A Theory and Test," June 1978. (32 pp.)

290. Gollas, Manuel. "The Size and Growth of Industrial Firms in Mexico," June 1978. (40 pp.)

291. Gollas, Manuel. "The Structure and Causes of Industrial Concentration in Mexico," June 1978. (46 pp.)

292. Gollas, Manuel. "Firm and Market Size, Factor Productivity and Industrial Concentration in Mexico," August 1978. (38 pp.)

293. Teitel, Simon. "Productivity, Mechanization and Skills: A Test of the Hirschman-Lewis Hypothesis for Latin American Industry," July 1978. (33 pp.)

294.Teranishi, Juro & Hugh T. Patrick. "The Early Establishment and Development of Banking in Japan: Phases and Policies 1872-1918," August 1978. (48

295.Blumenthal, Tuvia. "Japan's Great Depression," August 1978. (35 pp.)

296. Evenson, Robert. "A Century of Productivity Change in U.S. Agriculture: An Analysis of the Role of Invention, Research and Extension," August 1978.
(78 pp.)

297. Rosenzweig, Mark. "Educational Subsidy, Agricultural Development and Fertility Change," September 1978. (40 pp.)

298. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The Less Developed Countries and Transnational Enterprises," September 1978. (33 pp.)

299. Liu, Ts-ui-jung & John C. H. Fei. "The Public Granary Institution of the Ch'ing Dynasty, 1644-1911," October 1978. (47 pp.)

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300. Branson, William & Louka Katseli-Papaefstratiou. "Exchange Rate Policy for Developing Countries," November 1978. (58 pp.)

301. Katseli- Papaefstratiou., Louka. "Enlargement of the European Community and the Common Agricultural Policy," November 1978. (24 pp.)

302. Katseli- Papaefstratiou, Louka. "The Impact of Greece's Entry into the EEC on Greek- American Economic Relations," November 1978. (36pp.)

303. Baily, Mary Ann. "Dualism in LDC Manufacturing: A Case Study," November 1978. (32 pp.)

304. Birdsall, Nancy. "A Cost of Siblings: Child Schooling in Urban Colombia," December 1978. (56 pp.)

305. Katseli-Papaefstratiou, Louka. "Transmission of External Price Disturbances and the Composition of Trade," December 1978. (32 pp.)

306. Fei, John C. H. "Equity Oriented Fiscal Programs," January 1979. (36 pp.)

307. Fields, Gary S. "Lifetime Migration in Colombia: Tests of the Expected Income Hypothesis," January 1979. (32 pp.)

308. Evenson, Robert, Barry M. Popkin & Elizabeth King-Quizon. "Nutrition, Work, and Demographic Behavior in Rural Philippine Households: A Synopsis
of Several Laguna Household Studies,"
January 1979. (74 pp.)

309. Jaynes, Gerald David. "Production and Distribution in Agrarian Economies," January 1979. (43 pp.)

310. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth Wolpin. "Life-Cycle Labor Supply and Fertility: Causal Inferences from Household Models," March 1979. (41pp.)

311. Krugman, Paul. "Trade, Accumulation, and Uneven Development," April 1979. (22 pp.)

312. Katseli-Papaefstratiou, Louka. "The Reemergence of the Purchasing Power Parity Doctrine in the 1970's," May 1979. (49 pp.)

313. Birdsall, Nancy. "An Economic Approach to Birth-Order Effects," May 1979. (70 pp.)

314. Krugman, Paul. "International Trade and Income Distribution: A Reconsideration," May 1979. (21 pp.)

315. Kuznets, Simon. "Size of Households and Income Disparities," June 1979. (87 pp.)

316. Schultz, T. Paul. "Effective Protection and the Distribution of Personal Income by Sector in Colombia," July 1979. (84 pp.)

317. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth Wolpin. "An Economic Analysis of the Extended Family in a Less Developed Country: The Demand for the Elderly in an
Uncertain Environment,"
August 1979. (29 pp.)

318. Schultz, T. Paul. "Interpretation of Relations Among Morality, Economics of the Household, and the Health Environment," September 1979. (79 pp.)

319. Braga de Macedo, Jorge. "Exchange Rate Behavior with Currency Inconvertibility," September 1979. (68 pp.)

320. Braga de Macedo, Jorge. "Portuguese Currency Experience: An Historical Perspective," September 1979. (53 pp.)

321. Braga de Macedo, Jorge. "Portfolio Diversification Across Currencies," September 1979. (69 pp.)

322. Braga de Macedo, Jorge. "Foreign Exchange Market 'Efficiency' and Currency Inconvertibility: The Case of the Portuguese Escudo Against the U.S.
Dollar 1973-78,"
October 1979. (59 pp.)

323. Braga de Macedo, Jorge. "Monetarist Models of Exchange Rate Determination: Evidence from Portugal 1973-78," October 1979.

324. Braga de Macedo, Jorge. "Exchange Rates in Portugal 1973-1978: A Portfolio Model of an Inconvertible Currency," October 1979. (55pp.)

325. Warr, Peter G. "Shadow Pricing Rules for Non-Traded Commodities," October 1979. (40 pp.)

326. Krugman, Paul & Jorge Braga de Macedo. "The Economic Consequences of the April 25th Revolution," November 1979. (45 pp.)

327. Wright, Brian D. "The Cost of Aggregate Energy Conservation," November 1979. (51 pp.)

328. Mohammad, Shariff. "Factor Substitution Possibilities in Indian Manufacturing Industries," November 1979. (20 pp.)

329. Mohammad, Shariff. "An Empirical Verification of Keesings' Hypothesis- Skill Intensity of Exports and Import Replacement in India," November 1979.
(19 pp.)

330. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Southern Cone Stabilization Plans," November 1979. (35 pp.)

331. Mohammad, Sariff. "Trade, Growth and Income Redistribution: A Case Study of India," November 1979. (32 pp.)

332. Anderson, Kathryn H. "Determination of Fertility, Child Quality, and Child Survival in Guatemala," December 1979. (49 pp.)

333. Warr, Peter G. & Brian Wright. "The Isolation Paradox and the Discount Rate of Benefit- Cost Analysis," December 1979. (27 pp.)

334. Fei, John C. H & .Ts-ui-jung Liu. "The Growth and Decline of Chinese Family Clan," January 1980. (46 pp.)

335. Warr, Peter G. "Charity, Taxation and Distribution Weights in Benefit- Cost Analysis," January 1980. (17 pp.)

336. Ranis, Gustav. "Employment and Income Distribution Constraints in Latin America," February 1980. (29 pp.)

337.Tokman, Victor. "The Influence of the Urban Informal Sector on Economic Inequality," February 1980. (49 pp.)

338. Olsen, Randall. "Estimating the Effect of Child Mortality on the Number of Births," February 1980. (28 pp.)

339. Swamy, Gurushri & Hans Binswanger. "Flexible Consumer Demand System with Linear Estimation Equations Food Demand in India," March 1980.

340. Wolpin, Kenneth. "A New Test of the Permanent Income Hypothesis: The Impact of Weather on the Income and Consumption of Farm Households in
March 1980. (28 pp.)

341. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Exchange Rates and Terms of Trade in the Argentine Republic 1913-1976," March 1980. (53 pp.)

342. Kuznets, Simon. "Size of Households and Income Disparities," March 1980. (67 pp.)

343. Kuznets, Simon. "Inequality in the Size Distribution of Households: Differences and Trends," March 1980. (78 pp.)

344. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Latin America in Depression, 1929-1939," March 1980. (40 pp.)

345. Patrick, Hugh T. "The Evolution of Japan's Financial System in the Interwar Period," March 1980. (42 pp.)

346. Anderson, Kathryn. "The Estimation of Wage Elasticities in Fertility Demand Equations," March 1980. (27 pp.)

347. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Market Opportunities, Genetic Endowments and the IntraFamily Distribution of Resources: Child Survival in Rural
March 1980. (30 pp.)

348. Anderson, Kathryn & M. Anne Hill. "Marriage and Labor Market Discrimination in Japan," April 1980. (34 pp.)

349. Patrick, Hugh T. "The Postwar Economic History of Japan," April 1980. (42 pp.)

350. Folbre, Nancy. "Of Patriarchy Born: The Political Economy of Fertility Decisions," June 1980. (41 pp.)

351. Anderson, Kathryn & M. Anne Hill. "Determinants of Age at Marriage in Malaysia and Japan," June 1980. (31 pp.)

352. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Birthweight, the Production of Child Health, and Input Demand," June 1980. (53 pp.)

353. Wright, Brian D. "The Resource Allocation Problem in Research and Development," June 1980. (47 pp.)

354. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth Wolpin. "Governmental Interventions and Household Behavior in Developing Countries: Anticipating the Unanticipated
Consequences of Social Programs," July 1980. (27 pp.)

355. Ribe, Helena & T. Paul Schultz. "Migrant and Native Fertility in Colombia in 1973: Migrants Selected According to Their Reproductive Preferences?" July 1980. (67 pp.)

356. Evenson, Robert & Hans Binswanger. "Estimating Labor Demand Functions for Indian Agriculture," August 1980. (29 pp.)

357. Binswanger, Hans & Jaime B. Quizon. "Factor and Output Market Effects of Technical Change and Public Investment Policies in Agriculture," August
1980. (79 pp.)

358. Ranis, Gustav. "Challenges and Opportunities Posed by Asia's Super Exporters: Implications for Manufactured Exports from Latin America," August
1980. (51 pp.)

359. Roback, Jennifer. "The Price of Local Amenities: Theory and Measurement," August 1980. (46 pp.)

360. Katseli-Papaefstratiou, Louka & Nancy Peregrim Marion. "Adjustment to Variations in Imported Input Prices: The Role of Economic Structure," August
1980. (39 pp.)

361. Otsuka, Keijiro. "Inducements to Public Research: Rice and Wheat in India," September 1980. (35 pp.)

362. Hill, M. Anne. "Female Labor Force Participation in Urban Japan: A Trichotomous Logit Model," September 1980. (43 pp.)

363. Aiyagari, Sudhakar, Zvi Eckstein & Martin Eichenbaum. "Rational Expectations, Inventories and Price Fluctuations," 1980. (26 pp.)

364. Katseli-Papaefstratiou, Louka. "Trade Flows and Factor Mobility," January 1981. (37 pp.)

365. Ranis, Gustav. "Basic Needs, Distribution and Growth: The Beginnings of a Framework," January 1981. (35 pp.)

366. Dieguez, Hector & Alberto Petrecolla. "Income Distribution in Buenos Aires," January 1981. (36 pp.)

367. Lisboa Bacha, Edmar & Carlos F.Diaz-Alejandro. "Financial Markets: A View from the Semi- Periphery," January 1981. (69 pp.)

368. Patrick, Hugh T. "The Asian-Pacific Context of United States-China Economic Relations," February 1981. (36 pp.)

369. Lee, Bun Song & T. Paul Schultz. "Specification Biases in Estimating the Influence of Child Mortality on Fertility," February 1981. (41pp.)

370. Braverman, Avishay & T. N. Srinivasan. "Credit and Sharecropping in Agrarian Societies," February 1981. (38 pp.)

371. Blau, David M. "Investment in Child Nutrition and Women's Allocation of Time in Developing Countries," March 1981. (42 pp.)

372. Branson, William & Louka T. Katseli. "Currency Baskets and Real Effective Exchange Rates," April 1981. (39 pp.)

373. Srinivasan, T. N. "Food Security: Indian Perspective," April 1981. (28pp.)

374. Katseli, Louka T. "Macroeconomic Adjustment and Exchange Rate Policy in Middle Income Countries: Greece, Portugal and Spain in the 1970's," April
1981. (40 pp.)

375. Bhagwati, Jagdish & T. N. Srinivasan. "The Welfare Consequences of Directly-Unproductive Profit- Seeking (DUP) Activities: Price Versus Quality
April 1981. (29 pp.)

376. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Stories of the 1930s for the 1980s," April 1981. (53pp.)

377. Wright, Brian D. & Jeffrey Williams. "The Economic Role of Commodity Storage," May 1981. (31 pp.)

378. Olsen, Randall & Kenneth Wolpin. "Fertility, Child Schooling, and Exogenous Mortality: A Waiting Time Regression with Dynamic Regressors," May 1981. (46 pp.)

379. Kuznets, Simon. "Children and Adults in the Income Distribution," July 1981. (69 pp.)

380. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Child Mortality and Fertility in Columbia: Individual and Community Effects," July 1981. (40 pp.)

381. Eckstein, Zvi . "Rational Expectations Modeling of Agricultural Supply," August 1981. (47 pp.)

382. Trussell, James & Randall Olsen. "Evaluation of the Olsen Technique for Estimating the Fertility Response to Child Mortality," August 1981. (33 pp.)

383. Schultz, T. Paul. "Age of Individuals and Family Composition as Factors Underlying the Distribution of Personal Income," September 1981. (40 pp.)

384. Ranis, Gustav & John C. H. Fei. "Lewis and the Classicists," September 1981. (23pp.)

385. Patrick, Hugh & Hideo Sato. "The Political Economy of United States-Japan Trade in Steel," September 1981. (77 pp.)

386. Eaton, Jonathan & Stephen Turnovsky. "Effects of Monetary Disturbances on Exchange Rates with Risk Averse Speculation," September 1981. (27 pp.)

387. Katseli, Louka T. "Exchange Rates and Food in the European Community," September 1981. (20 pp.)

388. Eaton, Jonathan & Stephen Turnovsky. "Exchange Risk, Political risk and Macroeconomic Equilibrium," September 1981. (27 pp.)

389. Eaton, Jonathan & Stephen Turnovsky. "Covered Interest Parity, Uncovered Interest Parity, and Exchange Rate Dynamics," November 1981. (29 pp.)

390. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Open Economy, Closed Polity?" December 1981. (50pp.)

391. Eaton, Jonathan & Mark Gersovitz. "A Theory of Expropriation and Deviations from Perfect Capital Mobility," January 1982. (40 pp.)

392. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "No Less Than One Hundred Years of Argentine Economic History, Plus Some Comparisons," January 1982. (54 pp.)

393. Srinivasan, T. N. "Trade, Development and Factor Movements," January 1982. (36 pp.)

394. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "The 1940s in Latin America," February 1982. (42pp.)

395. Blau, David M. "Wage Growth, Family Labor Supply and the Distribution of Potential Family Earnings," February 1982. (43 pp.)

396. Vijverberg, Wim. "Discrete Choices in a Continuous Time Model: Lifecycle Time Allocation and Fertility Decisions," February 1982. (58 pp.)

397. Sakurai, Makoto. "Japanese Direct Foreign Investment: Studies on Its Growth in the 1970's," February 1982. (36 pp.)

398. Patrick, Hugh T. "Japanese Financial Development in Historical Perspective, 1968-1980," March 1982. (46 pp.)

399. Srinivasan, T. N. "International Factor Movements, Commodity Trade and Commercial Policy," March 1982. (31 pp.)

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400. Srinivasan, T. N. "On Immiserizing Transfers and Immiserizing Growth," April 1982. (22 pp.)

401. Eaton, Jonathan & Mark Gersovitz. "Country Risk: Economic Aspects," April 1982. (54pp.)

402. Lin, Ching-yuan. "Wage-Price Behavior Under External Price Shocks and Productivity Slowdown: A U.S.-Japan Comparison," April 1982. (24 pp.)

403. Katseli, Louka T. "Real Exchange Rates in the 1970s," May 1982. (67pp.)

404. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Latin America in the 1930s," May 1982. (49 pp.)

405. Sarma, J. V. M. "Taxation and Dividends in India: A Review (1974-1977)," May 1982. (51 pp.)

406. Sarma, J. V. M. "Taxation and Corporate Dividend Behaviour in India," May 1982. (51 pp.)

407. Weir, David R. "Life Under Pressure: Questions for a Comparative History of Economy and Demography in France and England, 1670-1870," May
1982. (88 pp.)

408. Huffman, Wallace & Mark D. Lange. "Farm Household Production: Demand for Wife's Labor, Capital Services and the Capital-Labor Ratio," June
1982. (61 pp.)

409. Eckstein, Zvi , Martin Eichenbaum. & Dan Peled. "Uncertain Lifetime and the Welfare Enhancing Properties of Annuity Markets and Social Security,"
June 1982. (59 pp.)

410. Eckstein, Zvi, T. Paul Schultz. & Kenneth Wolpin. "Short Run Fluctuations in Fertility and Mortality in Preindustrial Sweden," June 1982. (75 pp.)

411. Deolalikar, Anil & Wim Vijverberg. "The Heterogeneity of Family and Hired Labor in Agricultural Production: A Test Using District- Level Data from
June 1982. (34 pp.)

412. Pante Jr., Filologo. "Exchange Rate Flexibility and Intervention Policy in the Philippines, 1973-1981," July 1982. (48 pp.)

413. Eaton, Jonathan. "Optimal and Time Consistent Exchange Rate Management in an Overlapping Generations Economy," July 1982. (30 pp.)

414. Roback, Jennifer. "Climate Variations and the Population Distribution in LDC's," July 1982. (17 pp.)

415. Hill, M. Anne. "A Comparison of Economic Models and Empirical Results for Female Labor Force Participation in Japan and the United States," July
1982. (37 pp.)

416. Eckstein, Zvi & Kenneth Wolpin. "Endogenous Fertility in an Overlapping Generations Growth Model," July 1982. (40 pp.)

417. Deolalikar, Anil. "Fertility and Savings in a Two-Period Household Model: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," July 1982. (39 pp.)

418. Olsen, Randall. "Cross-Sectional Methods for Estimating the Replacement of Infant Deaths," July 1982. (43 pp.)

419. Evenson, Robert. "International Invention: Implications for Technology Market Analysis," July 1982. (40 pp.)

420. Silber, Jacques. "Incorporating the Distribution of Income and the Duration of Life into a Measure of Economic Growth: Some New Suggestions," July
1982. (18 pp.)

421. Deolalikar, Anil & Robert Evenson. "Technology Production and Technology Purchase in Indian Industry: An Econometric Analysis," July 1982. (38pp.)

422. Ranis, Gustav. "Determinants and Consequences of Indigenous Technological Activity," August 1982. (27 pp.)

423. Eaton, Jonathan & Henry K. Kierzkowsk. "Oligopolistic Competition, Product Variety and Entry Deterrence," August 1982. (38 pp.)

424. Wolpin, Kenneth. "An Estimable Dynamic Stochastic Model of Fertility and Child Mortality," October 1982. (69 pp.)

425. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Some Financial Issues in the North, in the South, and in Between," December 1982. (46 pp.)

426. Fei, John C. H. & Chu-Ping Vijverberg. "Growth and Capital Wealth Concentration," December 1982. (36 pp.)

427. Patrick, Hugh T. & Honorata Moreno. "Philippine Private Domestic Commercial Banking, 1946- 1980, in Light of Japanese Historical Experience,"
December 1982. (67 pp.)

428. Lardy, Nicholas. "Price, Markets and the Chinese Peasant," December 1982. (29 pp.)

429. Vijverberg, Wim. "Unbiased Estimates of the Wage Equation When Individuals Choose Among Income-Earning Activities," December 1982. (54 pp.)

430. Katseli, Louka T. "Devaluation: A Critical Appraisal of IMF's Policy Prescriptions," January 1983. (14 pp.)

431. Eaton, Jonathan & James Brander. "Product Line Rivalry," January 1983. (32 pp.)

432. Rose-Ackerman, Susan & Robert Evenson. "Federalism, Reapportionment and Innovation: The Case of Agricultural Research and Extension," January
1983. (43pp.)

433. Schultz, T. Paul. "A Review of Caldwell's Theory of Fertility Decline," February 1983. (18 pp.)

434. Wright, Brian & Jeffrey Williams. "Anti-Hoarding Laws: A Stock Condemnation ReAssayed," February 1983. (28 pp.)

435. Ranis, Gustav. "Typology in Development Theory: Retrospective and Prospects," February 1983. (45 pp.)

436. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Consumer Demand and Household Production: Relationship Between Fertility and Child Mortality," February
1983. (15 pp.)

437. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Estimating a Household Production Function: Heterogeneity, the Demand for Health Inputs and Their Effects on
February 1983. (34 pp.)

438. Eaton, Jonathan & Zvi Eckstein. "The U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve: An Analytic Framework," March 1983. (62 pp.)

439. Eckstein, Zvi, Steven Stern & Kenneth Wolpin. "Fertility Choice in a Growth Model with Land: Malthus Reconsidered," April 1983. (19 pp.)

440. Eckstein, Zvi. "The Dynamics of Agricultural Supply: A Reconsideration," April 1983. (45 pp.)

441. Diaz-Alejandro, Carlos F. "Good-Bye Financial Repression, Hello Financial Crash," May 1983. (32 pp.)

442. Judd, M. Ann, James K. Boyce & Robert E. Evenson. "Investing in Agricultural Supply," June 1983. (73pp.)

443. Schultz, T. Paul. "Migrant Behavior and the Effects of Regional Prices: Aspects of Migrant Selection in Columbia," August 1983. (28 pp.)

444. Deolalikar, Anil & Wim Vijverberg. "Heterogeneity of Family and Hired Labor in Agriculture: A Test Using Farm-level Data from India and Malaysia,"
September 1983. (28 pp.)

445. Schultz, T. Paul. "The Schooling and Health of Children of U.S. Immigrants and Natives," October 1983. (23 pp.)

446. Laufer, Leslie A. "Demand for Child Health and Fertility in Rural India," December 1983. (42 pp.)

447. Fei, John C. H., Chu-Ping Vijverberg & Wim P. M.Vijverberg. "Production Functions with Factor Oriented Scale Sensitivity," December 1983. (56 pp.)

448. Eaton, Jonathan & Gene M. Grossman. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly," December 1983. (29 pp.)

449. Chiang, Alpha C. & John C. H. Fei. "Growth Epochs and Compensatory Fiscal Policy," December 1983. (34 pp.)

450. Strauss, John. "An Overview of Agricultural Household Models: Theory," February 1984. (46 pp.)

451. Strauss, John. "An Overview of Agricultural Household Models: Theory," February 1984. (46 pp.)

452. Kletzer, Kenneth. "Asymmetries of Information and LDC Borrowing with Sovereign Risk," February 1984. (36 pp.)

453. Lauferm, Leslie A. & Wim P. M.Vijverberg. "Time Diary Surveys: What Can We Learn from Them?" February 1984. (29 pp.)

454. Barichello, Richard R. "Analyzing an Agricultural Marketing Quota," March 1984. (45 pp.)

455. Eckstein, Zvi & Kenneth I. Wolpin. "Two Estimation Methods for a Lifetime Discrete Choice Model under Uncertainty," May 1984. (35 pp.)

456. Wright, Brian. "The Effects of Price Uncertainty on the Factor Choices of the Competitive Firm," May 1984. (29 pp.)

457. Strauss, John. "Does Better Nutrition Raise Farm Productivity?" May 1984. (41 pp.)

458. Feeny, David. "Agricultural Expansion and Forest Depletion in Thailand, 1990-1975," June 1984. (67 pp.)

459. Feeny, David. "The Development of Property Rights in Land: A Comparative Study," June 1984. (51 pp.)

460. Schultz, T. Paul. "Studying the Impact of Household Economic and Community Variables on Child Mortality, " July 1984. (39 pp.)

461. Requena Blanco, Jorge. "Import Demand Functions Revisited," August 1984. (34pp.)

462. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "The Demand for and Supply of Births: Fertility and Its Life-Cycle Consequences," August 1984. (42 pp.)

463. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth I. Wolpin. "Heterogeneity, Intrafamily Distribution and Child Health," September 1984. (34 pp.)

464. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth I. Wolpin. "Migration Selectivity and the Effects of Government Programs," December 1984. (32 pp.)

465. Rosenzweig, Mark & Kenneth I. Wolpin. "Externalities, Heterogeneity and the Optimal Distribution of Public Programs: Child Health Family Planning
December 1984. (28 pp.)

466. Wright, Brian D. & Jeffery Williams. "The Incidence of Market-Stabilizing Price Support Schemes," December 1984. (39 pp.)

467. Katseli, Louka T. "Discrete Devaluation as a Signal to Price Setters: Suggested Evidence from Greece," January 1985. (50 pp.)

468. Buiter, Willem H. "International Monetary Policy to Promote Economic Recovery," March 1985. (38 pp.)

469. Engel, Charles & Kenneth Kletzer. "Optimal Foreign Borrowing of Capital in a Two- Sector Model," March 1985. (40 pp.)

470. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph Stiglitz. "The Social Cost of Labor and Project Evaluation: A General Approach," March 1985. (55 pp.)

471. Stern, Steven. "Search, Applications and Vacancies," April 1985. (29pp.)

472. Laufer, Leslie A. "The Substitution Between Male and Female Labor in Rural Indian Agricultural Production," April 1985. (26 pp.)

473. Schultz, T. Paul. "Changing World Prices, Women's Wages, and the Fertility Transition: Sweden 1860-1910," April 1985. (31 pp.)

474. Singh, Inderjit , Lyn Squire & John Strauss. "Agricultural Household Models: A Survey of Recent Findings and Their Policy Implications," May 1985.

475. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph Stiglitz. "The Taxation and Pricing of Agricultural and Industrial Goods in Developing Economies," May 1985. (71 pp.)

476.Sah, Raaj Kumar. "The Architecture of Economic Systems: Hierarchies and Polyarchies," May 1985. (44 pp.)

477. Engel, Charles. "Current Account Policies," May 1985. (29 pp.)

478. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph Stiglitz. "Price Scissors and the Structure of the Economy," May 1985. (47 pp.)

479. Roe, Terry & Theodore Graham-Tomasi. "Yield Risk in a Dynamic Model of the Agricultural Household," May 1985. (36 pp.)

480. Nabi, Ijaz. "Firms' Investment Decisions in Imperfect Capital Markets," May 1985. (34 pp.)

481. Nabi, Ijaz. "Subcontracting and Industrialization in Developing Countries," May 1985. (40 pp.)

482. Srinivasan, T. N. "Population and Food," June 1985. (54 pp.)

483. Srinivasan, T. N. "The National Defense Argument for Government Intervention in Foreign Trade," June 1985. (51 pp.)

484. Sah, Raaj Kumar. "What Affects the Level of Honesty in an Economy," June 1985. (51 pp.)

485. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph Stiglitz. "The Invariance of R&D to the Number of Firms in the Industry: Equilibrium and Efficiency under Bertrand
June 1985. (15 pp.)

486. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph Stiglitz. "Economics of Committees," June 1985. (56 pp.)

487. Schultz, T. Paul. "School Expenditures and Enrollments, 1960-1980: The Effects of Income, Price and Population Growth," July 1985. (93 pp.)

488. Khandker, Shahidur R. "Women's Role in Household Productive Activities and Fertility in Bangladesh," July 1985. (37 pp.)

489. Khandker, Shahidur R. "What Influences Patters of Women's Work in Rural Bangladesh?" August 1985. (33 pp.)

490. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Schooling, Information and Non-Market Productivity: Contraceptive Use and Its Effectiveness," September 1985. (39 pp.)

491. Stern, Steve. "Promotion and Mandatory Retirement," October1985. (34 pp.)

492. Buiter, Willem H. "Macroeconomic Policy Design in an Interdependent World Economy: An Analysis of Three Contingencies," October 1985. (49 pp.)

493. Buiter, Willem H. "A Guide to Public Sector Debt and Deficit," November 1985. (114 pp.)

494. Strauss, John. "The Impact of Improved Nutrition on Labor Productivity and Human Resource Development: An Economic Perspective," December 1985. (39 pp.)

495. Hajivassiliou, Vassilis Argyrou. "Analyzing the Determinants of the External Debt Repayment Problems of LDC's: Econometric Modelling Using a Panel
Set of Data,"
December 1985. (49 pp.)

496. Engel, Charles & Kenneth Kletzer. "Tariffs, Saving and the Current Account," December 1985. (26 pp.)

497. Schultz, T. Paul. "The Fertility Revolution: A Review Essay," January 1986. (25 pp.)

498. Buiter, Willem H. "Macroeconomic Responses by Developing Countries to Changes in External Economic Conditions," February 1986. (56 pp.)

499. Buiter, Willem H. "Borrowing to Defend the Exchange Rate and the Timing and Magnitude of Speculative Attacks: Fiscal Prerequisites for a Visible
Managed Exchange Rate Regime,"
Part 1, March 1986. (33 pp.)

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500. Bennett, Neil G., David E. Bloom & Patricia H. Craig. "Black and White Marriage Patterns: Why So Different?" March 1986. (37 pp.)

501. Roumasset, James & Marilou Uy. "Agency Costs and the Agricultural Firm," May 1986. (31 pp.)

502. Buiter, Willem H. "A 'Gold Standard' Isn't Viable Unless Supported by Sufficiently Flexible Monetary and Fiscal Policy," May 1986. (46 pp.)

503. Mergen, Francois, M. A. Judd & J. Putnam. "Forestry Research: A Provisional Global Inventory," May 1986. (42 pp.)

504. Sah, Raaj Kumar. "Queues, Rations and Market: Comparisons of Outcomes for the Poor and the Rich," June 1986. (34 pp.)

505. Sah, Raaj Kumar & T. N. Srinivasan. "Distributional Consequences of Rural Food Levy and Subsidized Urban Rations," June 1986. (31 pp.)

506. Khandker, Shahidur. "Farmer Education and Farm Efficiency: The Role of Education Revisited," June 1986. (38 pp.)

507. Schultz, T. Paul. "The Value and Allocation of Time in High Income Countries: Implications for Fertility," July 1986. (30 pp.)

508. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph E. Stiglitz. "The Economics of Town-versus-Country Problems," July 1986. (10 pp.)

509. Worrell, Delisle. "Adjustment Policies in Small Open Economies," July 1986. (64 pp.)

510. Montgomery, Mark R. "Female First Marriage in East and Southeast Asia: A Kiefer-Neumann Model," July 1986. (43 pp.)

511. Rosenzweig, Mark R. & T. Paul Schultz. "The Stability of Household Production Technology: A Replication," September 1986. (14 pp.)

512. Bennett, Neil G , Ann Klimas Blanc & David E. Bloom. "Commitment and the Modern Union: Assessing the Link Between Premarital Cohabitation and
Subsequent Marital Stability,"
September 1986. (39 pp.)

513. Buiter, Willem H. "Granger-Causality and Policy Ineffectiveness: A Rejoinder," August 1986. (11 pp.)

514. Khandker, Shahidur. "Labor Market Participation of Married Women in Bangladesh," July 1986. (20 pp.)

515. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph E. Stiglitz. "Managerial Quality in Centralized versus Decentralized Economic Systems," July 1986. (24 pp.)

516. Schultz, T. Paul. "Economic Demography and Development: New Directions in an Old field," October 1986. (55 pp.)

517. Buiter, Willem H. "Structural and Stabilization Aspects of Fiscal and Financial Policy in the Dependent Economy, Part I," October 1986. (70 pp.)

518. Buiter, Willem H. "Death, Population and Growth, Productivity Growth and Debt Neutrality," October 1986. (27 pp.)

519. Buiter, Willem H. "Fiscal Prerequisites for a Viable Managed Exchange Rate Regime: A Non-Technical Eclectic Introduction," October 1986. (35 pp.)

520. Kletzer, Kenneth & Pranab Bardham. "Credit Markets and Patterns of International Trade," December 1986. (23 pp.)

521. Singer, S. Burton & Margaret Marini. "Advancing Social Research: An Essay Based on Leiberson's Making It Count," November 1986. (23pp.)

522. Rosenzweig, Mark & T. Paul Schultz. "Who Receives Medical Care? Income, Implicit Prices and the Distribution of Medical Services among Pregnant
Women in the United States,"
November 1986. (38 pp.)

523. Kletzer, Kenneth. "External Borrowing by LDC's: A Survey of Theoretical Issues," December 1986. (60 pp.)

524. Ranis, Gustav. "The Role of Institutions in Transition Growth: The East Asian NIC's," December 1986. (27 pp.)

525. Lin, Justin Yifu. "Supervision, Incentives, and the Optimum Size of a Labor- Managed Firm," January 1987. (35 pp.)

526. Lin, Justin Yifu. "The Household Responsibility System Reform in China: A Peasant's Institutional Choice," January 1987. (15 pp.)

527. Engel, Charles & Kenneth Kletzer. "Saving and Investment in an Open Economy with Non- Traded Goods," February 1987. (21 pp.)

528. Schultz, T. Paul. "Education Investments and Returns in Economic Development," February 1987. (115 pp.)

529. Ranis, Gustav. "Towards a Model of Development for the Natural Resources Poor Economy," February 1987. (65 pp.)

530. Bennett, Neil G. "Health Policy and Data Quality: The Implications of the Crossover Mortality Debate," February 1987. (22 pp.)

531. Fei, John C. H. "Economic Development and Traditional Chinese Cultural Values," April 1987. (24 pp.)

532. Fei, John C. H. "Prosperity and Stability in Hong Kong -- A Cultural Approach," April 1987. (35 pp.)

533. Lin, Justin Yifu. "Household Farm, Cooperative Farm, and Efficiency: Evidence from Rural De-Collectivization in China," March 1987. (42 pp.)

534. Rosenzweig, Mark R. & T. Paul Schultz. "Fertility and Investments in Human Capital: Estimates of the Consequences of Imperfect Fertility Control in
Malaysia," April 1987. (29 pp.)

535. Lin, Justin Yifu. "Rural Factors Markets in China after the Household Responsibility System Reform," April 1987. (46 pp.)

536. Sicherl, Pavel. "A New Measure of Disparities in Development," May 1987. (50 pp.)

537. Lin, Justin Yifu. "An Economic Theory of Institutional Change: Induced and Imposed Change," June 1987. (55 pp.)

538. Hamada, Koichi & Shin-ichi Fukuda. "Towards the Implementation of the Desirable Rules of Monetary Coordination and Interventions," June 1987. (42

539. Srinivasan, T. N. "Population Growth and Economic Development," July 1987. (29 pp.)

540. Hoem, Jan M. "The Issue of Weights in Panel Surveys of Individual Behavior," July 1987. (45 pp.)

541. Schultz, T. Paul. "Population Programs: Measuring Their Impact on Fertility and the Personal Distribution of Their Effects," September 1987. (35 pp.)

542. Thomas, Duncan, John Strauss, & Maria-Helena Henriques. "Child Survival, Nutritional Status and Household Characteristics: Evidence from Brazil,"
September 1987. (63 pp.)

543. Engel, Charles & Kenneth Kletzer. "Trade Policy under Endogenous Credibility," September 1987. (24 pp.)

544. Strauss, John. "Households, Communities and Preschool Children's Nutrition Outcomes: Evidence from Rural Côte d'Iviore," October 1987. (34 pp.)

545. Grilli, Vittorio U. "Managing Exchange Rate Crisis: Evidence from the 1890's," October 1987. (29 pp.)

546. Grilli, Vittorio U. & Andrea Beltratti. "U.S. Military Expenditure and the Dollar: A Note," December 1987. (14 pp.)

547. Grilli, Vittorio U. & Alberto Alesina. "Avoiding Speculative Attacks on EMS Currencies: A Proposal," December 1987. (12 pp.)

548. Grilli, Vittorio U. "Fiscal Policies and the Dollar/Pound Exchange: 1870-1984," December 1987. (23 pp.)

549. Griffin, Charles C. "Methods for Estimating Value of Time with an Application to the Philippines," January 1988. (41 pp.)

550. Yang, Xiaokai. "An Approach to Modeling Institutional Development," January 1988. (34 pp.)

551. Barrera, Albino. "The Role of Maternal Schooling and Its Interaction with Public Health Programs in Child Health Production," January 1988. (41 pp.)

552. Garber, Peter & Vittorio Grilli. "Bank Runs in Open Economies and International Transmission of Panics," February 1988. (20 pp.)

553. Engel, Charles & Kenneth Kletzer. "Tariffs and Saving in a Model with New Families," February 1988. (35 pp.)

554. Srinivasan, T. N. "Food Aid: A Cause, or Symptom of Development Failure or an Instrument for Success?" February 1988. (48 pp.)

555. Kletzer, Kenneth. "Sovereign Debt Renegotiation under Asymmetric Information," June 1988. (46 pp.)

556. Deolalikar, Anil & Robert Evenson. "Technology Production and Technology Purchase in Indian Industry: An Econometric Analysis," July 1988. (31pp.)

557. Ainsworth, Martha. "Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility in Côte d'Ivoire," July 1988. (28 pp.)

558. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Martin L. Weitzman. "A Proposal for Using Incentive Pre-Commitments in Public Enterprise Funding," Revised, June 1988. (29 pp.)

559. Sah, Raaj Kumar & Joseph E. Stiglitz. "Qualitative Properties of Profit-Maximizing K-out-of- N Systems Subject to Two Kinds of Failures," Revised,
June 1988. (18 pp.)

560. Sah, Raaj Kumar. "Persistence and Pervasiveness of Corruption: New Perspectives," Revised, December 1987, August 1988. (48 pp.)

561. de Kock, Gabriel & Vittorio Grilli. "Fiscal Uncertainty, Informational Externalities and the Welfare Cost of Speculation," Revised, March 1988, August
1988. (60 pp.)

562. Sah, Raaj Kumar. "Results of Economic Comparative Statics of Steady- States of Higher-Order Discrete Dynamic Systems," Revised May 1988,
September 1988. (15 pp.)

563. Fei, John C. H. "A Theoretical Framework for the Analysis of Inflation in the PRC," September 1988. (50 pp.)

564. Hamada, Koichi & Kazumasa Iwata. "On the International Capital Ownership Pattern at the Turn of the Twenty Firth Century," September 1988. (46pp.)

565. Grilli, Vittorio. "Seigniorage in Europe," October 1988. (45 pp.)

566. Evenson, Robert E. "Human Capital and Agricultural Productivity Change," November 1988. (25 pp.)

567. Birkhaeuser, Dean, Robert Evenson & Gershon Feder. "The Economic Impact of Agricultural Extension: A Review," January 1989. (62 pp.)

568. Roubini, Nouriel. "Offset and Sterilization under Fixed Exchange Rates with an Optimizing Central Bank," January 1989. (35 pp.)

569. Roubini, Nouriel. "Current Account and Budget Deficits in an Intertemporal Model of Consumption and Taxation Smoothing. A Solution to the
'Feldsteinn-Horioka Puzzle'?"
January 1989. (52 pp.)

570. Elbadawi, Ibrahim. "Terms of Trade, Commercial Policy, and the Black Market for Foreign Exchange: An Empirical Model of Real Exchange Rate
January 1989. (50 pp.)

571. Schultz, T. Paul. "Women's Changing Participation in the Labor Force: A World Perspective," January 1989. (37 pp.)

572. Barrera, Albino. "The Interactive Effects of Mother's Schooling and Unsupplemented Breastfeeding on Child Health," February 1989. (34 pp.)

573. Heckman, James J. & James R. Walker. "The Third Birth in Sweden," January 1989. (69pp.)

574. Ranis, Gustav. "Macro Policies, the Terms of Trade and the Spatial Dimension of Balanced Growth," April 1989. (31 pp.)

575. Yang, Xiaokai. "Development, Structural Changes, and Urbanization," May 1989. (39 pp.)

576. Schultz, T. Paul. "Investment in Women, Economic Development, and Improvements in Health in Low-Income Countries," May 1989. (31 pp.)

577. Duraisamy, P. "Human Capital and Adoption of Innovations in Agricultural Production: Indian Evidence," May 1989. (25 pp.)

578. Santiago, Carlos E. "Family Composition and Wage Employment in Small- Scale Economic Activities in Malawi," February 1989. (44 pp.)

579. Fukao, Kyoji & Koichi Hamada. "The Fisherian Time Preference and the Evolution of the Capital Ownership Patterns in a Global Economy," August
1989. (35 pp.)

580. Yuengert, Andrews M. "Estimating Immigrant Assimilation Rates with Synthetic Panel Data," August 1989. (38 pp.)

581. Yuengert, Andrews M. "Self-Employment and the Earnings of Male Immigrants in the U.S.," August 1989. (48 pp.)

582. Bennett, Neil G., Heidi Goldstein & Rikki Abzug. "Spouse Selection and Marital Instability," September 1989. (38 pp.)

583. Bennett, Neil G., Heidi Goldstein & Patricia H. Craig. "The Divergence of Black and white Marriage Patterns," September 1989. (37 pp.)

584. Bloom, David E. & Neil G. Bennett. "Modeling American Marriage Patterns," September 1989. (21 pp.)

585. Malathy, R. "Labor supply Behavior of Married Women in Urban India," October 1989. (27 pp.)

586. Thomas, Duncan. "Intra-Household Resource Allocation: An Inferential Approach," October 1989. (29 pp.)

587. Strauss, John, Mariza M. T.L. Barbosa, Sonia M. Teixeira, Duncan Thomas & Raimundo Gomes Jr. "Modelling the Use and Adoption of Technologies
by Upland Rice and Soybean Farmers in Central-West Brazil, "
October 1989. (23 pp.)

588. Evenson, Robert E. & Elmar R. da Cruz  "The Economic Impacts of the Procisur Program: An International Study," November 1989. (26 pp.)

589. Thomas, Duncan, John Strauss & Maria M. T. L. Barbosa. "Estimating the Impact of Income and Price Changes on Consumption in Brazil," November
1989. (45 pp.)

590. Mukhopadhyay, Sudhin. "Technological Change and Labor Use in Rice Agriculture: Analysis of Village Level Data in West Bengal, India," November
1989. (23 pp.)

591. Parikh, Kirit & T. N. Srinivasan. "Poverty Alleviation Policies in India: Food Consumption Subsidy, Food Production Subsidy and Employment
December 1989. (28 pp.)

592. Okojie, Christiana E. E. "Fertility Response to Child Survival in Nigeria: An Analysis of Microdata from Bendel State," November 1989. (23 pp.)

593. Buiter, Willem H & Urijit R. Patel. "Debt, Deficits and Inflation: An Application to the Public Finances of India," February 1990. (58 pp.)

594. Pakes, Ariel & Richard Ericson. "Empirical Implications of Alternative Models of Firm Dynamics," February 1990. (75 pp.)

595. Strauss, John & Duncan Thomas. "The Shape of the Calorie-Expenditure Curve," March 1990. (41 pp.)

596. Duraisamy, P. & R. Malathy. "Impact of Public Programs on Fertility and Gender Specific Investment in Human Capital of Children in Rural India: Cross
Sectional and Time Series Analyses,"
February 1990. (35 pp.)

597. Okojie, Christiana E.E. "Women's Status and Fertility in Bendal State of Nigeria," February 1990. (33 pp.)

598. Sah, Raaj K. & Jingang Zhao. "Some Envelope Theorems for Integer and Discrete Choice Variables," March 1990. (11 pp.)

599. Sah, Raaj K. "The Effects of Mortality Changes on Fertility Choice and Individual Welfare: Some Theoretical Predictions," December 1989. (26 pp.)

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600. Weir, David R. "An Historical Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Rapid Population Growth," August 1989. (39 pp.)

601. Schultz, T. Paul. "Testing the Neoclassical Model of Family Labor Supply and Fertility," May 1990. (31 pp.)

602. Thomas, Duncan & John Strauss. "Prices, Infrastructure, Household Characteristics and Child Height," May 1990. (28 pp.)

603. Schultz, T. Paul. "Returns to Women's Education," June 1990. (68pp.)

604. Maglad, Nour Eldin. "Fertility in Rural Sudan: The Effect of Landholding and Child Mortality," July 1990. (13 pp.)

605. Hamada, Koichi & Kyoji Fukao. "International Trade and Investment under Different Rates of Time Preference," August 1990. (40 pp.)

606. dos Reis, J. G. A. & Ricardo Barros. "Wage Inequality and the Distribution of Education: A Study of the Evolution of Regional Differences in Inequality in
Metropolitan Brazil,"
February 1990. (43 pp.)

607. Barros, Ricardo & R. S. P. Mendonca. "Aggregating Inequalities: The Equalizing Impact of the Earnings of Married Women in Metropolitan Brazil,"
September 1990. (38 pp.)

608. Ranis, Gustav & Frances Stewart. "The Dynamics of Rural Development: Theory and Application," September 1990. (46 pp.)

609. Sah, Raaj K. "Social Osmosis and Patterns of Crime: A Dynamic Economic Analysis," March 1990. (32 pp.)

610. Kletzer, Kenneth M. & Brian D. Wright. "Sovereign Debt Renegotiation in a Consumption- Smoothing Model," September 1990. (61 pp.)

611. Buiter, Willem H. & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "Fiscal Policy Interdependence and Efficiency," March 1990. (50 pp.)

612. Buiter, Willem H. & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "The Welfare Economics of Cooperative and Noncooperative Fiscal Policy," March 1990. (50 pp.)

613. Buiter, Willem H. & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "Reflections on the Fiscal Implications of a Common Currency," April 1990. (33 pp.)

614. Sah, Raaj K. "A Useful and Easily-Tested Statement of Some Schur- Cohn Stability Criteria for Higher-Order Discrete Dynamic Systems," October
1989. (6 pp.)

615. Schultz, T. Paul. "Assessing Family Planning Cost-Effectiveness: Applicability of Individual Demand-Program Supply Framework," October 1990. (29

616. Yi, Zeng, Li Xiaoli & Ma Zhongdong. "Testing for Solvency of the Public Sector: An Application to Italy," September 1990. (34 pp.)

617. Corsetti, Giancarlo. "Testing for Solvency of the Public Sector: An Application to Italy," September 1990. (34 pp.)

618. Levison, Deborah & David Lam. "Declining Inequality in Schooling in Brazil and Its Effects on Inequality in Earnings," November 1990. (28pp.)

619. Thomas, Duncan. "Like Father, Like Son: Gender Differences in Household Resource Allocations," January 1991. (32 pp.)

620. Evenson, Robert. "Patent Data by Industry: Evidence for Invention Potential Exhaustion?" January 1991. (30 pp.)

621. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "Lecture Notes on Economic Growth: Introduction to the Literature and Neoclassical Models, Volume I," December 1990. (44 pp.)

622. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "Lecture Notes on Economic Growth: Five Prototype Models of Endogenous Growth, Volume II," December 1990. (47 pp.)

623. Sah, Raaj K. "An Explicit Closed-Form Formula for Profit-Maximizing k-out-of-n Systems Subject to Two Kinds of Failures," May 1990. (11 pp.)

624. Sah, Raaj K. & Joseph E. Stiglitz. "The Quality of Managers in Centralized versus Decentralized Organizations," April 1990. (9 pp.)

625. Sah, Raaj K. "Fallibility in Human Organizations and Political Systems," February 1991. (28 pp.)

626. Pesenti, Paolo A. "Perforate and Imperforate Currency Bands: Exchange Rate Management and the Term Structure of Interest Rate Differentials,"
November 1990. (39 pp.)

627. Builter, Willem H. & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "Persistent Differences in National Productivity Growth Rates with a Common Technology and Free Capital
Mobility. The Roles of Private Thrift, Public Debt, Capital Taxation and Policy toward Human Formation,"
January 1991. (53 pp.)

628. Raut, Lakshmi & T. N. Srinivasan. "Endogenous Fertility, Technical Change and Growth in a Model of Overlapping Generations," February 1991.

629. Barro, Robert J. & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "Convergence across States and Regions," April 1991. (72 pp.)

630. Udry, Christopher. "A Competitive Analysis of Rural Credit: State- Contingent Loans in Northern Nigeria," April 1991. (48 pp.)

631. Mukhopadhyay, Sudhin K. "Adapting Household Behavior to Agricultural Technology in West Bengal, India: Wage Labor, Fertility and Child Schooling
June 1991. (26 pp.)

632. Quisumbing, Agnes R. "Intergenerational Transfers in Philippine Rice Villages: Gender Differences in Traditional Inheritance Customs," April 1991. (68

633. Sindelar, Jody & Duncan Thomas. "Measurement of Child Health: Maternal Response Bias," June 1991. (27 pp.)

634. Schultz, T. Paul. "International Differences in Labor Force Participation in Families and Firms," August 1991. (62 pp.)

635. Hayami, Yujiro. "Japan in the New World Confrontation: A Historical Perspective," April 1991. (14 pp.)

636. Udry, Christopher. "Risk, Insurance and Default in a Rural Credit Market: An Empirical Investigation in Northern Nigeria," July 1991. (54 pp.)

637. Xue, Jinjun. "Can the Export-Led Growth Model Be Applied to Large Developing Countries? China's Case," May 1991. (43 pp.)

638. Xavier Sala-i-Martin & Jeffrey Sachs. "Fiscal Federalism and Optimum Currency Areas: Evidence for Europe from the United States," August 1991.

639. Fei, John C. H. & Deborah Reed. "Growth with Fluctuations," August 1991. (35 pp.)

640. Barro, Robert J. & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "Public Finance in Models of Economic Growth," August 1991. (33 pp.)

641. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "The Timing of Government Spending in a Dynamic Model of Imperfect Competition," August 1991. (34 pp.)

642. "Saving and Endogenous Growth: A Survey of Theory and Willem Buiter Policy," September 1991. (58 pp.)

643. Thomas, Duncan, Victor Lavy & John Strauss. "Public Policy and Anthropometric Outcomes in the Côte d'Ivoire," October 1991. (36 pp.)

644. Azam, Qazi Tauqir, Erik A. Bloom & Robert E. Evenson. "Agricultural Research Productivity in Pakistan," May 1991. (119 pp.) Part 1, Part 2

645. Barro, Robert J. & Xavier Sala-i- Martin. "Convergence," July 1991. (44 pp.)

646. Roubini, Nouriel & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "Financial Development, the Trade Regime, and Economic Growth," October 1991. (57 pp.)

647. Kletzer, Kenneth M., David M. Newbery & Brian D. Wright. "Smoothing Primary Exporters' Price Risks: Bonds, Futures, Options and Insurance,"
October 1991. (52pp.)

648. Ahn, Namkee. "Measuring the Value of Children by Sex and Age Using a Life Cycle Model of Fertility," November 1991. (34 pp.)

649. Strauss, John & Duncan Thomas. "Wages, Schooling and Background: Investments in Men and Women in Urban Brazil," November 1991. (50 pp.)

650. Barro, Robert J. & Xavier Sala-i- Martin. "Regional Growth and Migration: A Japan-U.S. Comparison," December 1991. (55 pp.)

651. Mulligan, Casey B. & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "Transitional Dynamics in Two-Sector Models of Endogenous Growth," January 1992. (59 pp.)

652. Gordon, Roger H. & Joosung Jun. "Taxes and the Form of Ownership of Foreign Corporate Equity," November 1991. (37 pp.)

653. Evenson, Robert E. "Two Blades of Grass: Research for U.S. Agriculture," January 1992. (70 pp.)

654. Buiter, Willem H. "Should We Worry about the Fiscal Numerology of Maastricht?" March 1992. (29 pp.)

655. Barro, Robert J., N. Gregory Mankiw & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "Capital Mobility in Neoclassical Models of Growth," March 1992. (34 pp.)

656. Engel, Charles & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "Distribution of Rents and Growth," April 1992. (29pp.)

657. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "Pensions," April 1992. (58 pp.)

658. Roubini, Nouriel & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "A Growth Model of Inflation, Tax Evasion and Financial Repression," April 1992. (39 pp.)

659. Buiter, Willem H. & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "Government Solvency, Ponzi Finance and the Redundancy and Usefulness of Public Debt," April 1992.

660. Tansel, Aysit. "Cigarette Demand, Health Scares and Education in Turkey," April 1992. (24 pp.) [In Applied Economics, 1993, 25:521-29.]

661. Tansel, Aysit. "Wage Employment, Earnings and Returns to Schooling for Men and Women in Turkey," April 1992. (27 pp.) [In Economics of Education Review, 1994, 13(4):305-20.]

662. Schultz, T. Paul. "The Relationship between Local Family Planning Expenditures and Fertility in Thailand, 1976-1981," April 1992. (42 pp.)

663. Schultz, T. Paul & Aysit Tansel. "Measurement of Returns to Adult Education: Morbidity Effects on Wage Rates in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana," April 1992. (27 pp. plus tables)

664. Buiter, Willem H. & Kenneth M. Kletzer. "Permanent International Productivity Growth Differentials in an Integrated Global Economy. The Roles of
Households, Non-Tradedness, Self-Financing and Fiscal Policy,"
June 1992. (38 pp.)

665. Ahn, Namkee & Abusaleh Shariff. "A Comparative Study of Fertility Determinants in Togo and Uganda: A Hazard Model Analysis," August 1992. (27

666. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "Public Welfare and Growth," June 1992. (32 pp.)

667. Duraisamy, P. "Gender, Intrafamily Allocation of Resources and Child Schooling in South India," January 1992. (26 pp.)

668. Thomas, Duncan & Ityai Muvandi. "The Demographic Transition in Southern Africa: Another Look at the Evidence from Botswana and Zimbabwe," June
1992. (26 pp.)

669. Thomas, Duncan. "The Distribution of Income and Expenditure within the Household," July 1992. (32 pp.)

670. Schultz, T. Paul. "The Role of Education and Human Capital in Economic Development: An Empirical Assessment," August 1992. (30 pp.)

671. Mulligan, Casey B. & Xavier Sala-i-Martin. "U.S. Money Demand: Surprising Cross-Sectional Estimates," September 1992. (60 pp.)

672. Hamada, Koichi & Munehisa Kasuya. "The Reconstruction and Stabilization of the Postwar Japanese Economy: Possible Lessons for Eastern Europe?"
September 1992. (54 pp.)

673. Yi, Zeng, Ansley Coale, Minja Kim Choe, Liang Zhiwu & Liu Li. "Leaving Parental Home: Census-Based Estimates for China, Japan, South Korea,
United States, France, and Sweden,"
July 1992. (43 pp.)

674. Buiter, Willem H., Giancarlo Corsetti & Nouriel Roubini. "Excessive Deficits: Sense and Nonsense in the Treaty of Maastricht," November 1992. (87 pp.)

675. Yi, Zeng , T. Paul Schultz & Wang Deming. "An Event History Analysis of Divorce in China," November 1992. (34 pp.)

676. Srinivasan, T. N. & Lakshmi K. Raut. "Theories of Long-Run Growth: Old and New," September 1992. (38 pp.)

677. Unni, Jeemol. "Occupational Choice and Multiple Job Holding in Rural Gujarat, India," December 1992. (40 pp.)

678. Corsetti, Giancarlo. "A Portfolio Approach to Endogenous Growth: Eaton's Model Revisited," December 1992. (29 pp.)

679. Corsetti, Giancarlo. "Taxation and Risk-Taking Once Again (With and Without Tax Revenue Disposal)," December 1992. (25 pp.)

680. Hamada, Koichi & David Porteous. "Monetary Integration in Historical Perspective," January 1993. (34 pp.)

681. Schultz, T. Paul. "Mortality Decline in the Low Income World: Causes and Consequences," January 1993. (12 pp.)

682. Hamada, Koichi & Masaya Sakuragawa. "Capital Flight, North-South Lending, and Stages of Economic Development," January 1993. (50 pp.)

683. Malathy, R. "Education and Women's Time Allocation to Non-Market Work in an Urban Setting of India," July 1992. (32 pp.)

684. Buiter, Willem H. "Public Debt in the USA: How Much, How Bad and Who Pays?" March 1993. (68 pp.)

685. Goto, Junichi & Koichi Hamada. "Economic Preconditions for the Asian Regional Integration," February 1993. (34 pp.)

686. Maglad, Nour Eldin A. "Socioeconomic Determinants of Fertility and Child Mortality in Sudan," January 1993. (34 pp.)

687. Cashin, Paul A. "Using Data on Money Stocks to Estimate Real Colonial GDP in the Seven Colonies of Australasia: 1861-1991," May 1993. (40 pp.)

688. Cashin, Paul A. "Economic Growth and Convergence Across the Seven Colonies of Australasia: 1861-1991," May 1993. (63 pp.)

689. Royalty, Anne Beeson. "Does Job Matching Differ By Sex?," May 1993. (75pp.)

690. Royalty, Anne Beeson. "A Comparison of the Effects of Matching and Search on the Wages of Men and Women," June 1993. (45 pp.)

691. Unni, Jeemol. "Labor Supply Decisions of Married Women in Rural India," June 1993. (29 pp.)

692. Tansel, Aysit. "School Attainment, Parental Education and Gender in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana," March 1993. (38 pp.) [In Economic Development and Cultural Change, 1997, 45:826-57.]

693. Jatob, Jorge. "The Brazilian Family in the Labor Force, 1978-1988: A Study of Labor Supply," May 1993. (34 pp.)

694. Thomas, Duncan & Janet Currie. "Does Head Start Make A Difference?" May 1993. (45pp.)

695. Duraisamy, Malathy. "Women's Choice of Work and Fertility in Urban Tamil Nadu, India," June 1993. (28 pp.)

696. Sakuragawa, Masaya. "Net Worth, Credit Constraints and Economic Development," June 1993. (53 pp.)

697. Ranis, Gustav. "Labor Markets, Human Capital, and Development Performance in East Asia," September 1993. (59 pp.)

698. Choi, Kang-Shik. "Technological Change and Educational Wage Differentials in Korea," July 1993. (38 pp.)

699. Guinnane, Timothy W. "Cooperatives as Information Machines: The Lending Practices of German Agricultural Credit Cooperatives, 1883-1914," August
1993. (35 pp.)

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700. Chua, Hak B. "Regional Spillovers and Economic Growth," September 1993. (42 pp.)

701. Besley, Timothy, Stephen Coate & Timothy W. Guinnane. "Understanding the Workhouse Test: Information and Poor Relief in Nineteenth-Century
September 1993. (28 pp.)

702. Schultz, T. Paul. "Investments in the Schooling and Health of Women and Men: Quantities and Returns," August 1993. (70 pp.)

703. Schultz, T. Paul. "Marital Status and Fertility in the United States: Welfare and Labor Market Effects," September 1993. (39 pp.)

704. Chua, Hak B. & Alberto Ades. "Regional Instability and Economic Growth: Thy Neighbor's Curse," October 1993. (38 pp.)

705. Guinnane, Timothy, Abihijit Banerjee & Timothy Besley. "Thy Neighbor's Keeper: The Design of a Credit Cooperative with Theory and a Test,"
September 1993. (38 pp.)

706. Buiter, Willem H. & Urjit R. Patel. "Indian Public Finance in the 1990s: Challenges and Prospects," December 1993. (58 pp.)

707. Schultz, T. Paul. "Human Capital, Family Planning and Their Effects on Population Growth," January 1994. (58 pp.)

708. Evenson, Robert E., M. Carmen Fernandez & A. Casimiro Herruzo. "Measurement of the Total Factor Productivity of Spanish Agriculture: 1962-1989,"
December 1993. (15 pp.)

709. Evenson, Robert E. & Larry E. Westphal. "Technological Change and Technology Strategy," January 1994. (132 pp.)

710. Srinivasan, T.N. & Kenneth Kletzer. "Price Normalization and Equilibria in General Equilibrium Models of International Trade Under Imperfect
April 1994. (19 pp.)

711. Schultz, T. Paul. "Human Capital and Economic Development," May 1994. (31 pp.)

712. Ranis, Gustav. "The World Bank Near the Turn of the Century," October 1994. (30 pp.)

713. Evenson, Robert E. & Douglas Gollin. "Genetic Resources, International Organizations, and Rice Varietal Improvement," July 1994. (38 pp.)

714. Singh, Lakhwinder. "Productivity, Competitiveness, and Export Growth in a Less Developed Economy: A Study of Indian Punjab," August 1994. (27

715. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Robert J. Barro. "Quality Improvements in Models of Growth," October 1994. (43 pp.)

716. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "Regional Cohesion: Evidence and Theories of Regional Growth and Convergence," October 1994. (46 pp.)

717. Levy, Philip I. "Lobbying and International Cooperation in Tariff Setting," June 1994. (28 pp.)

718. Levy, Philip I. "A Political-Economic Analysis of Free Trade Agreements," June 1994. (36 pp.)

719. Schultz, T. Paul. "Integrated Approaches to Human Resource Development," January 1995. (33 pp.)

720. Schultz, T. Paul. "Evaluation of Integrated Human Resource Programs," February 1995. (27 pp.) [In Journal of Econometrics, vol. 77, no. 1, 1997.]

721. Srinivasan, T.N. & Jagdish Bhagwati. "Trade and the Environment: Does Environmental Diversity Detract from the Case for Free Trade?" January 1995. (100 pp.) [In Jagdish Bhagwati and Robert Hudec, eds., Harmonization and Fair Trade. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996.]

722. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Casey B. Mulligan. "A Labor-Income-Based Measure of the Value of Human Capital: An Application to the States of the United States," December 1994. (61 pp.)

723. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Casey B. Mulligan. "Measuring Aggregate Human Capital," January 1995. (48 pp.)

724. Ranis, Gustav & Frances Stewart. "V-Goods and the Role of the Urban Informal Sector in Development," December 1994. (46 pp.)

725. Shiller, Robert J. & Stefano Athanasoulis. "World Income Components: Measuring and Exploiting International Risk Sharing Opportunities," March
1995. (69 pp.)

726. Guinnane, Timothy W. & Ronald I. Miller. "The Limits to Land Reform: The Land Acts in Ireland, 1870-1909," June 1995. (31 pp.) [In Economic
Development and Cultural Change
, vol. 43, no. 3, April 1997.]

727. Lanjouw, Jean Olson. "Information and the Operation of Markets: Tests Based on a General Equilibrium Model of Land Leasing in India," June 1995. (37 pp.)

728. Boozer, Michael & Cecilia Rouse. "Intraschool Variation in Class Size: Patterns and Implications," May 1995. (43 pp.)

729. Schultz, T. Paul. "Immigrant Quality and Assimilation: A Review of the Literature," June 1995. (20 pp.) [In Journal of Human Development, vol. 1, no. 1, 2000.]
730. Shiller, Robert J. & Ryan Schneider. "Labor Income Indices Designed for Use in Contracts Promoting Income Risk Management," August 1995. (38

731. Evenson, Robert E. & Germano Mwabu. "Household Composition and Expenditures on Human Capital Formation in Kenya," August 1995. (58 pp.) [In
T. Paul Schultz, ed., Research in Population Economics, Vol. 8. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc., 1996.]
732. Subramaniam, Ramesh. "Gender-Bias in India: The Importance of Household Fixed-Effects," September 1995. (31 pp.) [In Oxford Economic Papers,
vol. 48, no. 2, April 1996.]
733. Guinnane, Timothy W. "Diversification, Liquidity, and Supervision for Small Financial Institutions: Nineteenth-Century German Credit Cooperatives."
October 1995. (73 pp.)

734. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier. "The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis," June 1995. (37 pp.) [In Economic Journal, vol. 106, no. 437, July 1996.]
735. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier & Robert J. Barro. "Technological Diffusion, Convergence, and Growth," June 1995. (43 pp.)

736. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, William H. Dow, Jessica Holmes & Tomas Philipson. "Tetanus, Death and Aerobics: The Evaluation of Disease-Specific Public
Health Interventions,"
August 1995. (37 pp.)

737. Schultz, T. Paul. "Demand for Children in Low Income Countries," January 1994. (116 pp.) [In M. R. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds., Handbook of
Population and Family Economics
. Amsterdam: American Elsevier, 1997.]

738. Schultz, T. Paul. & Kofi Benefo. "Fertility and Child Mortality in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana," August 1995. (50 pp.) [In World Bank Economic Review,
vol. 10, no. 1, January 1996.]

739. Dow, William H. "Discrete Choice Estimation of Price-Elasticities: The Benefits of a Flexible Behavioral Model of Health Care Demand," September
1995. (51 pp.)

740. Dow, William H. "Unconditional Demand for Curative Health Inputs: Does Selection on Health Status Matter in the Long Run?" September 1995 (49

741. Dow, William H. "Welfare Impacts of Health Care User Fees: A Health-Valuation Approach to Analysis with Imperfect Markets," October 1995. (36

742. Schultz, T. Paul. "Accounting for Public Expenditures on Education: An International Panel Study," July 1995. (61 pp.) [In T. Paul Schultz, ed., Research
in Population Economics, Vol. 8
. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc., 1996.]
743. Schultz, T. Paul. "Aging, Immigration and Women in the Labor Force: Japan Compared to Other OECD Countries," November 1995. (76 pp.) [In
Gustav Ranis, ed., Japan and the United States in the Developing World. San Francisco: International Center for Economic Growth, 1997.]
744. Mwabu, Germano & T. Paul Schultz. "Education Returns Across Quantiles of the Wage Function: Alternative Explanations for Returns to Education by
Race in South Africa," January 1996. (24 pp.) [In American Economic Review, vol. 86, no. 2, May 1996.]
745. Ranis, Gustav. "Will Latin America Now Put a Stop to 'Stop-and-Go'?"   January 1996. (22 pp.) [In Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs,
vol. 38, no. 2/3, Summer/Fall, 1996.]
746. Ranis, Gustav. "North-South Conflicts and Their Management," January 1996. (34 pp.) [In Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy,
vol. 3, no. 1, 1996.]
747. Lanzona, Leonardo A. "Migration Decisions, Self-Selection and Earnings in Low-Income Philippine Communities," November 1995. (37 pp.) [In Journal
of Development Economics
, vol. 56, no. 1, 1998.]
748. Srinivasan, T.N. & James A. Robinson. "Long-Term Consequences of Population Growth: Technological Change, Natural Resources, and the
Environment," November 1995. (131 pp.) [In M. R. Rosenzweig and O. Stark, eds., Handbook of Population and Family Economics, Amsterdam: North
Holland, 1996.]
749. Goto, Junichi. "The Impact of Migrant Workers on the Japanese Economy: Trickle vs. Flood," January 1996. (43 pp.)

750. Boozer, Michael & Tomas Philipson. "The Private Demand for Information and the Effects of Public Testing Programs: The Case of HIV," February
1996. (55 pp.)

751. Fardmanesh, Mohsen & Li Tan. "Price and Trade Liberalization in East European Economies," December 1995. (38 pp.)

752. Corsetti, Giancarlo & Lilia Cavallari. "Policy Making and Speculative Attacks in Models of Exchange Rate Crises: A Synthesis," February 1996. (26 pp.)

753. Hamada, Koichi. "The Structure of Arms Races Before and After the End of the Cold War: From Strategic Substitutes to Strategic Complements,"
December 1995. (26 pp.)

754. Hamada, Koichi & Junichi Goto. "Regional Economic Integration and Article XXIV of the GATT," February 1996. (45 pp.)

755. Srinivasan, T.N. "The Common External Tariff of a Customs Union: Alternative Approaches," April 1996. (32 pp.) [In Japan and the World Economy,
vol. 9, 1997.]

756. Hamada, Koichi. "The Economic Consequences of a Declining Hegemon," May 1996. (49 pp.)

757. Schultz, T. Paul & Aysit Tansel. "Wage and Labor Supply Effects of Illness in Côte D'Ivoire and Ghana: Instrumental Variable Estimates for Days
March 1996. (43 pp.) [In Journal of Development Economics, vol. 53, 1997.]

758. Ranis, Gustav. "The Trade-Growth Nexus in Taiwan's Development," May 1996. (41 pp.)

759. Hamada, Koichi. "Consumers, the Legal System and Product Liability Reform: A Comparative Perspective Between Japan and the United States,"
March 1996. (46 pp.)

760. Fardmanesh, Mohsen. "External Shocks and Structural Adjustments: A Dutch Disease Dynamic Analysis," June 1996. (25 pp.)

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